What is Folk Art
Indian, Japanese and Chinese Folk Art
Folk art is any form of art which is local to a particular geography, and may have slowly gained the stature of importance. A folk art is not limited to any particular discipline. for example, music, painting and even sports can take the form of a folk art.
Weaving, jewellery making, are some forms of folk art which have gained credence. Sometimes, these folk art become so important that they are sought all over the world. An example of these is Madhubani paintings. This form of art has started from a small place in Bihar, India. Madhubani paintings are sought after around the world. Another form of folk art is miniature paintings. Art galleries over the world keep famous folk arts as well.
Decorative artistic things are used for home decorative ideas. Madhubani paintings, miniature paintings, wood handicrafts are few forms of folk art, which are used extensively.
There are different Chinese art forms, but the two most important Chinese art forms are Chinese paper cutting and Chinese paper folding. These art forms date back to han dynasty. Similarly kite is also given by China and noted as an important contribution to Europe. Kite flying is also a tradition in India. Here on independence day, kites are flown all over the country. Puppetry is also widely used chinese art, a form of folk art.
Indian Paintings have always been famous for creativity and imagination. Warli Paintings are the ancient Indian folk art tradition of Warli Tribe in Maharashtra. Walri or Varli tribe is an ancient East Indian Tribe of India. These tribes are the scheduled Tribes of India. Warli is a small tribe inhabiting in the remote regions of Maharashtra. The style is some what similar to the pre historic cave paintings. These paintings are exquisite. This art was first discovered in early seventies of the last century. Since then the art has traveled across borders and has now become a famous art found on various home décor products.
Miniature painting is another form of folk art which was made famous during the period of Mughals. The style gradually spread in the next two centuries to influence painting on paper in both Muslim and Hindu princely courts, developing into a number of regional styles often called “sub-Mughal”, including Kangra painting and Rajput painting, and finally Company painting, a hybrid watercolour style influenced by European art and largely patronized by the people of the British raj.
Japanese Folk Art
Etegami, a form of Japanese folk art consisting of simple hand-painted drawings. This has become popular from 1970s. These are done on small canvas, such as postcards, so that, it becomes easy to mail them. The basic concept has been around for a long time; the tradition of handmade New Years cards testifies to this. Today, etegami is very popular folk art.