Tag Archives: Sati

true meaning of Shivlinga

The meaning and importance of Shivlinga

What is Shivlinga?

Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of linga from ancient times. Lord Shiva is one of the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh and even considered to be supreme lord. He has been worshipped by various devtas (gods) in Hindu mythology and by Vishnu Dashavatara’s. But why in the form of Linga?

 

Worship of Linga is not a strange thing and it is a known fact that reproductive organs have been worshipped across various civilizations. This underlines the importance of linga. By representing Lord Supreme, the humankind is suggesting to give proper importance to linga, hence Shiv linga is worshipped.

 

But Shivlinga is and should be treated as the manifestation of male and female and thus represent the birth of everything. Though Lord Shiva is also regarded as the god of destruction, an important aspect is forgotten that he is the beginning as well. Thus Lord Shiva is given the highest status symbolically and physically both.

 

true meaning of Shivlinga

true meaning of Shivlinga

Puranas and scriptures in Hinduism narrate in detail why Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of linga. It is said that the he appeared before Lord Brahma and Vishnu in the form of a ‘pillar of fire’, which had no end and beginning. It is one among the many symbols of Brahman. There are numerous other incidents in the Puranas including the famous Deodar forest incident in which the wives of saints are attracted to Shiva and he castrates himself and leaves the Linga on earth as his symbol.
Incarnations of Lord Vishnu is known to have worshipped the Shivlinga including Lord Ram, Parashuram and Krishna.
When the mind is clear and is without prejudices, we will realize that the Linga form of Shiva is the most innocent form of Brahman that our ancestors had realized. It is pure and they got it from pure nature. Many of the forms that we worship today are the reflections of our mind, which is corrupted by ego, society and education. It is not pure.

As per the epic Mahabharata,  ‘Know everything, which is male, to be Ishana, and all that is female to be Uma; for this whole world, animate and inanimate, is pervaded by these two bodies. Shiva’s divine Linga is worshipped by the Gods, seers, Gandharvas and Apsaras.’ (Chapter 7, section 20, verse 22)

 The legend behind Shivlinga worship

 

There is an interesting story behind the worship of Shivlinga. 

 

Lord Shiva descended in form of Shivalinga on the day of Mahashivaratri. Worshipping Shivalinga on the day of Mahashivaratri has different mythological significance and story. The story is as follows. Once, Prajapati Daksha organised a Yagya and invited all kings and deities, but, he did not call husband of Sati (Parvati). Knowing this, Sati burnt herself in the fire of this Yagya and died.

 

Note: Shakti peeths were formed when Mata Sati’s body parts were fallen on earth.[button url=”http://ritsin.com/sati-and-shakti-peeths-gods-of-indian-mythology-world-mythology-story.html/” ]Read about Shakti Peeths[/button]

 

On the death of Mata Sati, lord Shiva became angry and started doing Tandav on earth in a naked form and started roaming on earth. Once, he reached the village of Brahmans. Brahmanis got fascinated by seeing this form of lord Shiva. On this, the Brahmans became angry and cursed him. As a result, lord Shiva’s Linga separated from his body and fell on earth. The weight of Linga was unbearable for earth. This incident created chaos in all the three Loks.

 

When the situation became worse, all god and Rishis reached lord Brahma for help. God Brahma came to knew the reason behind this incident. He went to lord Shiva with everyone. Lord Brahma worshipped Shiva and requested him to wear his Linga back. So, lord Shiva said that if everyone worship my linga then only he shall wore it back. On this, lord Brahma created a Shivlinga of gold and performed a systematic Puja. Later, all deities, Rishi, Muni created Shivlinga with different substance and worshipped it.

 

According to this legend, worshipping of Shivlinga had begun from that time. It is believed, a place where Shiva Linga is worshipped, changes into a pilgrimage. A person receives Shiva Lok if, he dies at a place where Shivlinga is worshipped always. Just by chanting the word ‘Shiva’, sins of a normal person are cancelled.

Shiva and Sati

Sati and Shakti peeths

Sati Shakti Peeths – Indian Mythology

Sati and Shakti Peeths have a significant importance in Indian Mythology. Sati is one of the gods of indian mythology and there is a story behind the origin of Shakti peeths. Please read on for details on this interesting mythological indian story about Sati.

There was a king named Daksha, whose daughter was Sati.

Sati and Shiva

Sati and Shiva

When Sati grew old she performed intense penance to attain Shivji as her husband. She married Lord Shiva against the wish of her father.When Daksha was performing a Yagna, he invited all the deities except Shivji and Sati. Sati was very sad after not receiving an invitation for the yagna. She insisted on attending the function, despite of the disapproval of Lord Shiva.

When Sati entered the palace, king Daksha insulted her. He said that his other daughters were more distinguished and worthy of honour than Shivji and Sati. Sati was unable to bear her father’s disrespect for her husband. Then Goddess Sati approached the sadas (the area of the site of sacrifice where the main priest sits). She thundered: “My husband, the Lord of Lords has been insulted for no good reason. No fault exists in Him. It is claimed in the Scriptures that those who steal knowledge, those who betray a teacher and those who defile the Lord are great sinners and ought to be punished”.After saying these words, Goddess threw herself in glowing sacred fire. Daksha yagna was desecrated.

Shiva and Sati

Shiva and Sati

All the invitees were scared of being avenged, hence disappeared. When Lord Shiva heard this he was enraged. He created a creature Veerbhadra from lock of his hair.Veerbhadra tore off king Daksha head and tossed it in the same sacrificial fire. However it was proclaimed that the yagna should not be left incomplete, so head of goat was placed on Daksha to restore his life.Sad Lord Shiva began to wander carrying the dead body of Sati in his arms. He started dance of destruction of universe. In order to save universe and break this attachment of Lord Shiva, Vishnu with his sudarshan chakra and cut Sati’s body into pieces. Sati’s body pieces fell at different places and these are called Shakti Peeths.There are 52 shakti peeths and it is believed that if you worship these places with devotion all desires are fulfilled.
A list of Shakti Peeths as taken from Tantra Chudamani is provided below:

No: Place: Part of the body: Bhirava: Shakti:
1. Hingula (Pakistan) Brahma randhra Bhima lochana Kottari
2. Sharkarara (Maha rashtra) Trinetra Krodheesha Mahisha mardini
3. Sugandha (Bangla desh) Nasika Triambaka Sunanda
4. Kashmira (Jammu&Kashmir) Kantha desha Tri sandhyeshwara Maha maya
5. Jwala mukhi (Himachal pradesh) Jihwa Unmatta/ Vatukeshwara Siddhida/ Ambica
6. Jalandhara (Punjab) Vama stana Bhishana Tripura malini/ Tripura nashini
7. Vidya natha (Bihar) Hridaya Vidya natha Jaya durga
8. Nepala (Nepal) Janu dwaya Kapali Maha maya
9. Manasa (Tibet) Dakshina hasta Amara/ Hara Dakshaini
10. Utkala/ Viraja (Orissa) Nabhi Jagannatha Vimala/ Vijaya
11. Gandaki (Nepal) Dakshina ganda Chakra pani Gandaki chandi
12. Bahula (West bebgal) Vama bahu Bhiruka/ Tivraka Bahula
13. Ujjaini (Madhya pradesh) Kurpara Kapilambara Mangala chandi
14. Chattala (Bangla desh) Dakshina bahu Chandra sekhara Bhavani
15. Tripura (Tripura) Dakshina pada Tripuresha Tripura
16. Trisrota (West bengal) Vama pada Ambara/ Eshwara Bhramari
17. Kama giri/ Kama rupa desha (Assam) Maha mudra/ Yoni Umananda Kamakhya/ Dasha maha vidya
18. Yugadya/ Ksheera grama (West bengal) Dakshina padangushta Ksheera kantaka Bhoota dhatri
19. Kali peetha (West bengal) Dakshina padanguli Nakuleesha Kali
20. Prayaga (Uttar pradesh) Hastanguli Bhava Lalitha
21. Jayanti (Bangladesh) Vama jangha Kramadeeshwara Jayanti
22. Kireeta/ Kireeta kona (West bengal) Kireeta Samvarta/ Siddha rupa Vimala/ Bhuvaneshi
23. Manikarnika/ Varanasi (Uttar pradesh) Karna kundala Kala bhirava Vishalakshi
24. Kanyashrama (Tamil nadu) Prishta Nimisha Sharvani
25. Kurukshetra (Haryana) Dakshina gulpha Sthanu Savitri
26. Manivedika (Rajasthan) Mani bandha Sarvananda/ Sharvananda Gayatri
27. Srisaila/ Sri hatta (Andhra pradesh) Greeva Samvarananda/ Shambarananda Maha lakshmi
28. Kanchi (Tamil nadu) Kankala Ruru Deva garbha/ Veda garbha
29. Kala madhava (Uttar pradesh) Vama nitamba Asitanga Kali
30. Shona (Madhya pradesh) Dakshina nitamba Bhadra sena Narmada
31. Rama giri/ Raja giri (Uttar pradesh) Dakshina stana Chanda Shivani
32. Brindavana (Uttar pradesh) Kesha jala Bhootesha/ Krishna natha Uma/ Katyaini
33. Shuchi/ Anala (Tamil nadu) Oordhwa danta pankti Samhara/ Samkrura Narayani
34. Pancha sagara (Maharashtra) Adho danta pankti Maha rudra Varahi
35. Kara toya tata (Bangladesh) Vama talpa Vamana Aparna
36. Sri parvata (Andhra pradesh) Dakshina talpa Sundarananda Sundari
37. Vibhasa (West bengal) Vama gulpha Sarvananda Kapali/ Bhima rupa
38. Prabhasa (Gujarat) Udara Vakra tunda Chandra bhaga
39. Bhirava parvata (Madhya pradesh) Oordhvoshta Lamba karna Avanti
40. Jana sthana (Maharashtra) Chibuka Vikritaksha Bhramari
41. Godavari teetra (Andhra pradesh) Vama ganda Danda pani/ Vatsa nabha Vishwa matrika/ Rakini
42. Ratnavali (West bengal) Dakshina skandha Shiva Kumari
43. Mithila (Nepal) Vama skandha Mahodara Uma devi/ Maha devi
44. Nalahati (West bengal) Nala Yogeeshwara Kali
45. Karnata (Karnataka) Karana Abhiru Jaya durga
46. Vakreshwara (West bengal) Manas Vakra natha Mahisha mardini
47. Yashora (Bangla desh) Vama hasta Chanda Yashoreshwari
48. Attahasa (West bengal) Adharoshta Vishweshwara Pullara
49. Nandi pura (West bengal) Kantha hara Nandikeshwara Nandini
50. Lanka (Sri lanka) Nupura Rakshaseshwara Indrakshi
51. Virata (Rajasthan) Vama padanguli Amrita Ambika
52. Magadha (Bihar) Dakshina jangha Vyoma kesha Sarvanandakari

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Idols of Maha Kali, Maha Laxmi and Maha Sarawati

Patan Devi temple – Sati Shakti Peeth

Sati – Shakti Peeth temple at Patna

Shakti Peeths have been formed when Devi Sati’s body parts fell on earth. Bhagwan Vishnu’s cut the body of Sati into pieces with sudarshan chakra when Lord Shiva was angry and dancing while carrying her. There are total 51 places where Sati’s body parts have fallen, though there is some dispute on the numbers. Patna or Patliputra is one of those places where Sati’s body parts have fallen.
Bari Patan devi

Bari Patan devi


Devi Sati’s right thigh fell in the city of Patna. This place is known as Patan Devi. It is also believed that Patna is named after Patan devi.

The places where parts of Sati have fallen are known as Shakti Peeths. City of Patna used to be known by the name “Magadha” in earlier times. Devi’s right thigh fell here and the idols are Devi as Sarvanandkari and Shiva as Vyomkesha.

There are chhoti(small) Patan devi and bari (big) Patan devi temples.

Bari Patan Devi

The temple of  Bari Patan Devi, Patna faces North, towards the Ganges river. The statues of the temple is in black stone. At the entrance of the temple there is a portico of dimension 1.5′ x 15′. After that there is a room of about 8′ x 8′ for gods namely, Mahakali, Maha Lakshmi  and  Maha Saraswati and Bhairav. All the idols are kept on simhasans (thrones) of about 4 square in cross section and have a height of about 7 feet. The goddesses are attired in sarees.

Idols of Maha Kali, Maha Laxmi and Maha Sarawati

Idols of Maha Kali, Maha Laxmi and Maha Sarawati

In Hindu mythology, these Goddesses protected Putraka, who was the founder of Pataliputra. A strange stone image has been found in a tank near the Bari Patan Devi Temple, Patna. That image has been kept in the eastern veranda of the main temple where this stone is being worshiped regularly.

Devotees can go to the temple at any time of the day. The temple does not distinguish between any caste or creed and hence is open for all religions and castes. Tuesday is a special day for the devotees and a large number of worshipers visit the temple. Promises are being made before the Goddess and on the fulfillment of the wishes devotees offer gifts and sarees in the temple.

Lord Hanumana at Patan Devi

Lord Hanumana at Patan Devi

Chhoti Patan Devi

This temple is situated in the Chowk area of Patna City. Once was considered as the main presiding deity of Patna. Over the years it has slipped to the second position of eminence, after the Bari Patan Devi temple, as city’s presiding deity, with epithet ‘Chhoti’ (smaller) to the more popular one, the Bari (bigger) Patan Devi. But according to a  historian, this very temple (Chhoti Patendevi) which held the primary position as the city’s presiding deity during 18th and early 19th century.

The temple houses a host of intact and severed Brahmanical images, including, Ganesh, Vishnu and Surya. Beyond the temple, but within its precincts, lie in open fragments of door jumbs/lintels and yet other set of images. Of these, an impressive, but broken sun-image is the most prominent. According to many historians, it is very likely that some early medieval temple was built here.

Patna is also famous for other holy places and places of historical importance. Temple of Sikh’s tenth Guru Gobind Singh Ji is also in patna. Golghar is another tourist attraction. Mahavir Mandir just near to Patna railway station is also a must to visit place.
Earlier, Patna was also called Azimabad, as derived from the name of Ajima Sahab. Lots of people suffering from small pox and chicken pox come here for cure. Vijayadashami is the most important festival celebrated here.


Golghar - Patna
Golghar – Patna
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Arasuri temple – Sati Shakti Peeth (Ambaji)

Ambaji – Sati Shakti Peeth

Ambaji mata temple is one among the 52 Shakti Peethof India. It is situated at a distance of approximately 65 kilometers from Palanpur and 45 kilometers from Mount Abu and 20 kilometers from Abu Road near the Gujarat and Rajasthan border.

Following the destruction of Daksha’s sacrifice and the Rudra Tandava of Shiva, various parts of Sati’s body fell at several places throughout India. and these places are revered as Shakti peeths.
This sati shakti peeth is  the  Centre of Cosmic Power of India and it is the original holy place of Mata Ambaji, where the piece of the heart of the dead body of Devi Sati fell at the top of the gabber holy hill.  The original seat of Ambaji mata is on gabbar hilltop in the town. The temple is  known as Arasuri Ambaji mata temple.
In the holy temple of “Arasuri Ambaji”, there is no image or statue of goddess. The holy “Shree Visa Yantra” is worshiped as the main deity in this temple.  No one can see the yantra with naked eye. The photography of the yantra is is not allowed. The worship of this Visa Shree Yantra is done only after tying a bandage on the eyes.A triangular Yantra, inscribed with figures and the syllable Shree in the center, represents the deity.

Legends asscociated with Arasuri temple

There is a  legend said in the Ramayana which says about the importance of this temple. Lord Rama and Laxman came to Ashram of Shrungi Rushi in search of Sitaji. They were told to worship Devi Ambaji at Gabbar. Lord Rama did so and Jagat Mata Shakti (The Mother of Energy of the whole Universe) Devi Ambaji gave him an miraculous arrow. With the help of this weapon “Ajay”,  Rama conquered and killed his enemy Ravan in the war.

Lord Krishna’s mundan at this temple

As per a legend,  hairs of holy child Lord Krishna were also removed here on this Gabbar hill , as a holy ritual ceremony of hair removing Mundan. in presence of his foster parents Nand and Yashoda, who had worshiped Devi Ambaji and Lord Shiva, during the period of Dwapar yug or Mahabharat.
Mahakali at Kalighat

Kalighat Temple – Sati Shakti peeth

Kalighat Temple – A Sati Shakti Peeth

 

Kalighat Mandir at Kolkata

Kalighat Mandir at Kolkata

 

 

Kalighat, a Hindu temple and one from the 52 shakti peeths of India. This temple is dedicated to Goddess Kali. The temple is situated in kolkata on the bank of river Hoogly(bhagirathi).
Sati was daughter of king Daksha she married Lord Shiva against the wish of her father. Once King Dakha was having a yagna and he didn’t invite Lord Shiva and Sati. When Sati went to her father’s palace, he insulted Lord Shiva and Sati. Unable to bear this disrespect for her husband she killed herself, when Shiva came to know this he was enraged, he began to wonder holding the dead body of Sati in his arms and he started the dance of distruction of universe. Lord Vishnu in order to save the universe and to break this attachment of Lord Shiva cut off Sati’s body into pieces with his sudarshan chakra. Sati’s body fell at different places these places are called shakti peeth. It is believed that right toe of sati fell here. A devotee discovered a luminant ray of light coming from the Bhagirathi river bed, and upon investigating its source came upon a piece of stone carved in the form of a human toe. He also found a Svayambhu Lingam of Nakuleshwar Bhairav nearby, and started worshiping Kali in the midst of a thick jungle.
Kalighat is also associated with the worship offered to Kali by a Dasanami Monk by name Chowranga Giri, and the Chowringee area of Kolkata is said to have been named after him. Kalighat kali temple is always over crowded with devotees from all over the world.
The original temple was a small hut. In early sixteenth century a small temple was constructed by King Manasingha, present day temple was constructed in 1809.
Mahakali at Kalighat

Mahakali at Kalighat

The Idol of Kali in this temple is unique and different from other Kali idols of Bengal. The idol is made of black stone and decorated with silver and gold. It has three huge eyes and a long protruding tongue made of gold and four hands, in two hands she holds a sword and a severed head and other two hands are blessing positions.

The goddess is offered a ceremonial bath every year on the snan-yatra day, the rituals being performed by the head priest. Kali represents the destructive side of Siva’s consort and demands daily sacrifices; therefore in the morning goats have their throats slit here to satisfy the goddess’s blood lust.
kalighat

kalighat

 

It is believed that any one who worshipped here with true is heart is always saved by her.
Shakti peeth - Kamakhya

Kamakhya temple – Sati Shakti Peeth

Kamakhya Devi – Sati Shakti Peeth

Kamakhya Temple, Assam is one among the 52 shakti peeths of India. Kamakhya Temple is situated at the top of Ninanchal Hill ( 800 feets above sea level) in the western part of Guwahati city in Assam, India.There is no image of Shakti here. Within a corner of a cave in the temple, there is a sculptored image of the Yoni of the Goddess, which is the object of reverence. A natural spring keeps the stone moist. Other temples on the Neelachala hill include those of Tara, Bhairavi, Bhuvaneswari and Ghantakarna. This temple was destroyed in early 16th century, and then rebuilt in the 17th century by King Nara Narayana, of Cooch Bihar.
Kamakhya temple

Kamakhya temple

This current temple has a beehive-like shikhara with delightful sculptured panels and images of Ganesha and other Hindu gods and goddesses on the outside. The temple consists of three major chambers. The western chamber is large and rectangular and is not used by the general pilgrims for worship. The middle chamber is a square, with a small idol of the Goddess, a later addition. The walls of this chamber contain sculpted images of Naranarayana, related inscriptions and other gods. The middle chamber leads to the sanctum sanctorum of the temple in the form of a cave, which consists of no image but a natural underground spring that flows through a yoni-shaped cleft in the bedrock.
Shakti peeth - Kamakhya

Shakti peeth – Kamakhya

Legend
Sati married Lord Shiva against the wish of her father, King Daksha. Once King Daksha was having a yagna and he didn’t invited Sati and Lord Shiva. Sati was very sad on not getting an invitation but she still went to her father’s palace. When she reached there her father insulted her and Lord Shiva. Sati was unable to bear this disrespect for her husband, so she jumped in the fire and killed herself. When Lord Shiva came to know this he was very sad, and enraged Shiva started wondering holding the dead body of Sati. He started the dance of distruction of universe. Lord Vishnu in order to save the universe and break this attachment of Lord Shiva, cut the body of Sati into pieces with his sudarshan chakra. Body parts of Sati fell at different places and these places are known as shakti peeths. In kamakhya Temple, Assam yoni of mother goddess fell.
Story about the stair case of the temple. There was a demon Naraka he fell in love with Goddess Kamakhya and wanted to marry her. Goddess put a condition that if he would be able to build a staircase from the bottom of the Nilachal hill to the temple within one night, then she would surely marry him. Naraka took it as a challenge and tried all with his might to do this marathon task. He was almost about to accomplish the job when the Devi, panic-stricken as she was to see this, played a trick on him. She strangled a cock and made it crow untimely to give the impression of dawn to Naraka. Duped by the trick even Naraka thought that it was a futile job and left it half way through. Later he chased the cock and killed it in a place which is now known as Kukurakata, situated in the district of Darrang. The incomplete staircase is known as Mekhelauja path.
Apart from the daily puja offered to the Devi, a number of special pujas are also held round the year in the Kamakhya Temple. These pujas are Durga Puja, Pohan Biya, Durgadeul, Vasanti Puja, Madandeul, Ambuvaci and Manasa Puja.
Durga Puja: This is celebrated annually during Navratri, in the month of sep. oct.
Ambuwasi Puja : this is a fertility festival, it is beleived that mother goes under menstural period and the temple remain closed for 3 days and then opened with great festivity on fourth day.
Pohan Bia : A symbolic marriage between Lord Kamesvara and Kamesvari during the month of Pausa.
Durgadeul : During the month of Phalguna, Durgadeul is observed in the kamakhya temple.
Vasanti Puja : This puja is held at the Kamakhya temple durinh the month of Chaitra.
Madandeul : This deul is observed during the month of Caitra when Lord Kamadeva or Kamesvara is offered special pujas.
Manasa Puja : Manasa puja is observed from the Sankranti of Sravana and continues upto the second day of Bhadra.
Dome of Jwalamukhi temple

Jwalamukhi Temple – Sati Shakti Peeth

Jwalamukhi Temple – Sati Shakti Peeth

Jwalamukhi temple - Sati Shakti Peeth

Jwalamukhi temple – Sati Shakti Peeth

Jwalamukhi is one among the 52 shakti peeth in India. This is 30 kms from kangra and 56 kms from Dharamshala. There is no idol, the eternal and shinning blue flame emanating from a rock sanctum is worshipped as manifestation of goddess, which is burning without any fuel or assistance. During March-April and September-October every year colourful fairs are held during the time of navratri.

Legend of Jwalamukhi Temple

Sati was daughter of king Daksha she married Lord Shiva against the wish of her father. Once King Dakha was having a yagna and he didn’t invite Lord Shiva and Sati. When Sati went to her father’s palace, he insulted Lord Shiva and Sati. Unable to bear this disrespect for her husband she killed herself, when Shiva came to know this he was enraged, he began to wonder holding the dead body of Sati in his arms and he started the dance of distruction of universe. Lord Vishnu in order to save the universe and to break this attachment of Lord Shiva cut off Sati’s body into pieces with his sudarshan chakra. Sati’s body fell at different places these places are called shakti peeth.
Jwalamukhi temple is the place where Sati’s tongue fell. These flames are burning without any fuel or assistance from ages. Inside the temple, there is a 3 feet square pit with pathway all around. In the centre of which is a hollowed rock over a primary fissure of flame. This one is regarded as the mouth of Mahakali. Nine flames in total emanate from different points in the pit and represent Saraswati, Annapurna, Chandi, Hing Laj, Vindhya Vasini, Mahalakshmi, Mahakali, Ambika and Anjana-nine form of goddess.
This Indian Temple has some great historical significance, Mughal emperor Akbar was amazed at the continuity of flame so he tried to extinguish them. He ordered to construct water channel to douse the flame, but all in vain. Finally, he submitted to the power of the goddess, he went to the shrine bare footed and presented a golden umbrella to goddess. But when leaving , he looked back with immense pride at the valuable gift he made, but he was mortified to find that the gold turned into a colossal metal.
Dome of Jwalamukhi temple

Dome of Jwalamukhi temple

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Maharaja Ranjit Singh, gilded the roof of the temple as a thanks giving after his success in Afghan war. Later his son Khadak Singh presented a pair of silver plated folding doors to the temple.

 

Devi Maa at Jwalamukhi temple

Devi Maa at Jwalamukhi temple

There are 102 pujaris in the temple who perform rituals on daily rotation basis. The deity is- offered Bhog of Rabri or thickened milk, Misri or candy, seasonal fruits, milk and arti is done. There is a mystic Yantar or diagram of the goddess, which is covered with, shawls, ornaments and mantras are recited. The puja has different ‘phases’ and goes on practically the whole day. Arti is done five times in the day, Havan is performed once daily and portions of “Durga Saptashati” are recited.