Ashtabharya – Shri Krishna and his eight queens

There are lot of talk about Lord Krishna and his sixteen thousand one hundred and eight wives. Little we know that out of these, only eight were wedded to him separately and rest sixteen thousand and one hundred he wedded, when these poor souls became widow of a demon. Lets talk about these eight queens.

Shri Krishna and his queens

 

Rukmini, most important amongst Ashtabharya was Krishna’s first wife and chief queen (Patrani) of Dwarka. She is considered as an avatar of Shridevi, the goddess of Material Prakriti. Satyabhama, the second wife, is considered the form of the Goddess of Elemental Prakriti Lakshmi. Though Rukmini and Satyabhama enjoy worship as the consorts of the married king Krishna, the others do not enjoy this honour. A young cowherd Krishna is worshipped with his lover Radha. Kalindi, the goddess of river Yamuna, is worshipped independently.

The story of his marriage to eight queens is below.

Rukmini

Lord Krishna married Rukmini, in response to her letter in which she requested him to kidnap her and save from Shishiupala. Her brother Rukma wanted her to marry Shishupala.

Lord Krishna left the battlefield in his duel with Jarasandha in order to marry her.He is also called Ranachora because of this incident. In the Kshatriya tradition of marriage called rakshasa, Krishna carried Rukmini away from the ceremony and fought off all the warriors who tried to obstruct Him.

Shri Krishna and Rukmini

Jambavati  and Satyabhama

He married Jambavati and Satyabhama during the incidents happened in relation to Syamantaka Mani (Syamantaka was a valuable gem which produced Gold).

Krishna was falsely accused by King Satrajit of killing his brother Prasenjit for acquiring the valuable Syamantaka gem. Satrajit had received from this gem the Sun God.

To clear His name, Krishna searched for Syamantaka gem and found it in the possession of  Jambavant. Krishna indulged in a fight with him for 28 days, before Jambavant realised whom he was fighting.

Lord Krishna - Syamantaka Jewel and his marriage to Jambavati

Jambavant handed over the gem as well as his daughter Jambavati to Krishna. On receiving the Jewel, Satrajit was remorseful at having accused Krishna.

In atonement, he gave  Syamantaka gem along with his beautiful daughter Satyabhama to Krishna. Krishna however returned the Syamantaka gem to Satrajit.

Unknown facts about Lord Krishna

Kalindi

Kalindi is personified Yamuna. One day Krishna and Arjuna went out on hunting. At the end of the day, they decided to bathe in the waters of the Yamuna.

Just then, Krishna spotted a beautiful maiden passing by the river. Krishna immediately sent Arjuna after her. When asked to reaveal her identity, she replied, “I’m Kalindi, the daughter of the sun god. I worship Krishna and hope to marry him one day.”

Arjuna then inquired why she was staying alone. Kalindi promptly answered. “So that nobody disturbs me during my prayers.” She continued, “I hope that one day my wish will come true and the Krishna will take me under his protection.”
Seeing the staunch devotion of Kalindi, Arjuna was pleased and went back to Krishna to tell him about her love for him and her wish. Touched by Kalindi’s pure love, Krishna decided to marry her and make her his queen.

Mitravinda

The Bhagavata Purana records about Mitravinda’s marriage to Lord Krishna. She chooses Krishna as her husband in a Swayamvara ceremony and requests him to take her away.

However, her brothers do not like it and forbid the marriage. They join forces with the Kauravas and fight Krishna. Krishna defeats the princes and takes Mitravinda away.

Satya

Krishna married Satya by taming 7 powerful bulls. The King announced that any prince who could yoke the seven wild bulls he kept in his stables would win the hand of Satya in marriage. None of the suitors could do so but Lord Krishna tamed those ferocious bulls very easily. Arjuna also accompanied Lord Krishna in the swayamvara and he helped in defeating all the warriors who did not want the marriage to happen.

Nidhi van – Lord Krishna interesting story

Bhadra 

Lord Krishna‘s aunt (father’s sister) Shrutkirti was married in the kingdom of Kaikauja. Bhadra was the daughter of Shrutkirti. Bhadra had a strong desire to marry Krishna and she married Lord Krishna unconditionally.  Bhadra’s brothers like Santardan etc. themselves had got their sister married to Lord Krishna.

Lakshana (or Lakshmana) 

Lakshana was the daughter of the king of Madra. She was very beautiful and meritorious. Krishna competed in an archery competition. He competed with Arjuna and Duryodhana, each of them threw the match because they knew Krishna’s passion for her. He kidnapped her from Swayamvara and later married her.

Chintamani – Ashtavinayak – Lord Ganesha

Chintamani

Chintamani is a form of Lord Ganesha. He is worshipped for unity, prosperity, learning and removing obstacles. Ashtavinayak is eight forms of Ganesha. All the eight temples of Ganesha are located in Maharashtra. All the idols of Ashtavinayak are self originated (swayambhu).

Chintamani Temple of Theur is a Hindu temple located 22 km from Pune, off the Pune Solapur highway. The village of Theur is situated at the confluence of three major regional rivers Mula,Mutha and Bhima. Chintamani Temple is one among eight temple of Ashtavinayak. People visit this temple after visiting Varad Vinayak temple.

Chintamani Lord Ganesha
Chintamani Lord Ganesha

 

Temple and Idol 

Main temple is north facing but the statue of Ganesha is east facing. The trunk of the idol is turned towards left with jewels studded in eyes. There is hardly any features visible, it is smeared with vermilion (sindur). The idol is interpreted to be sitting in crossed leg position.

 

The temple had a wooden assembly hall (sabha mandapa). Hall has a black stone water fountain. This temple has a separate section for meditation.

 

Legend

 

King Abhijit had a son named Ganasura. He was very strong but very greedy and hot headed warrior king. He pleased Lord Shiva with his worship. Shiva granted the kingship of the three world heaven, earth and underworld and also granted him a boon that nobody can defeat him.

Once Ganasura went to the ashram of sage Kapila, who owned a wish granting jewel Chintamani.

Sage Kapila served the prince and his army with delicious food created with the help of jewel. Greedy prince desire to acquire the jewel. When sage refuse to grant him the jewel Ganasura seized the jewel fro the sage.

Sage Kapila was a great devotee of Ganesha so he prayed him. Ganesha was pleased with the devotion and he brought the gem back. But sage refused to take it back instead he put that on Lord Ganesha’s neck. Thus the deity here is known as Chintamani Vinayak. This happened under a kadamb tree therefore Theur is also known as Kadambanagar.

Another Legend

 

Another legend says that name Theur originated from sanskrit word ‘Sthavar’, which means stable. It is believed that once Lord Brahma has meditated here so his restless mind became sthavar or stable because of blessing of Lord Ganesha. Since Ganesha helped Brahma to get rid of his chinta’s or worries, hence he is known as Chintamani.

There is one more interesting legend which says that Lord Indra has worshipped Ganesha under Kadamba tree to get rid off sage Gautama’s curse hence, the place is known as Kadamba Nagar.

In Ashvinayak Yatra, people visit this temple after visiting Varad Vinayak. After this people visit Girijatmaj.

 

Bhishma Ekadashi

Today is Bhishma Ekadashi. This auspicious day  is observed in the Magha Month or Magha Masam (January – February).

It is observed mainly in South India, especially in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. The popular belief is that the Vishnu Sahasranama Stotram (thousand names dedicated to Lord Vishnu) was revealed to the Pandavas on this day by Bhisma, the great grandfather in the Mahabharata. Bhishma was lying in a bed of arrows after the Great War in Mahabharat when he revealed the thousand names of Vishnu.

Bhishma
Bhishma

 

Read more on Bhishma

Seven unknown facts from Mahabharata about Bhishma Pitamah

Hindi Story -श्री कृष्ण – जांबवती – Krishna – Jambavati

श्री कृष्ण – जांबवती

बहुत पहले द्वारका पुरी में भोजवंशी राजा सत्राजित रहता था। सूर्य की भक्ति-आराधना के बल पर उसने स्वमंतक नाम की अत्यंत चमकदार मणि प्राप्त की। मणि की क्रांति से राजा स्वयं सूर्य जैसा प्रभा-मंडित हो जाता था। इस भ्रम में जब यादवों ने श्रीकृष्ण से भगवान सूर्य के आगमन की बात कही, तब अंतर्यामी कृष्ण ने यादवों की शंका का निवारण करते हुए कहा कि आने वाले महानुभाव स्वमंतक मणिधारी राजा सत्राजित हैं, सूर्य नहीं। स्वमंतक मणि का गुण था कि उसको धारण करने वाला प्रतिदिन आठ किलो स्वर्ण प्राप्त करेगा। उस प्रदेश में किसी भी प्रकार की मानवीय या दैवीय विपत्ति का कोई चिह्न तक नहीं था। स्वमंतक मणि प्राप्त करने की इच्छा स्वयं कृष्ण ने भी की लेकिन सत्राजित ने अस्वीकार कर दिया।

Unknown facts about Lord Krishna

एक बार सत्राजित का भाई प्रसेनजित उस मणि को धारण करके घोड़े पर चढ़कर शिकार को गया तो एक सिंह ने उसे मार डाला। संयोग से जामवंत नामक रीछ ने सिंह को ही मार डाला और वह मणि को लेकर अपनी गुफा में आ गया। जामवंत की बेटी मणि को खिलौना समझकर खेलने लगी। प्रसेनजित के न लौटने पर द्वारका में यह अफवाह फैल गई कि कृष्ण को सत्राजित द्वारा मणि देने से इनकार करने पर दुर्भावनावश कृष्ण ने प्रसेनजित की हत्या करा दी और मणि पर अपना अधिकार कर लिया। कृष्ण इस अफवाह से दु:खी होकर प्रसेनजित को खोजने के लिए निकल पड़े। वन में कृष्ण और उनके साथियों ने प्रसेनजित के साथ एक सिंह को भी मरा पाया। उन्हें वहां रीछ के पैरों के निशानों के संकेत भी मिले, जो भीतर गुफा में प्रवेश के सूचक थे। इससे कृष्ण ने सिंह को मारने तथा मणि के रीछ के पास होने का अनुमान लगाया।

Lord Krishna - Syamantaka Jewel and his marriage to Jambavati

अपने साथियों को बाहर रहकर प्रतीक्षा करने के लिए कहकर स्वयं कृष्ण गुफा के भीतर प्रवेश कर गए। काफी समय बाद भी कृष्ण के वापस न आने पर निराश होकर लौटे साथी ने कृष्ण के भी मारे जाने का मिथ्या प्रचार कर दिया। कृष्ण के न लौटने पर उनके पिता वसुदेव पुत्र-शोक में व्यथित हो उठे। उसी समय महर्षि नारद आ गए। समाचार जानकर नारदजी ने वसुदेव से श्रीमद् देवी भागवत पुराण के श्रवण का उपदेश दिया। वसुदेव मां भगवती की कृपा से पूर्व परिचित थे। उन्होंने नारदजी से कहा-देवर्षि, देवकी के साथ कारागारवास करते हुए जब छ: पुत्र कंस के हाथों मारे जा चुके थे तो हम दोनों पति-पत्नी काफी व्यथित और अंसतुलित हो गए थे। तब अपने कुल पुरोहित महर्षि गर्ग से परामर्श किया और कष्ट से छुटकारा पाने का उपाय पूछा। गुरुदेव ने जगदम्बा मां की गाथा का पारायण करने को कहा। कारागार में होने के कारण मेरे लिए यह संभव नहीं था। अत: गुरुदेव से ही यह कार्य संपन्न कराने की प्रार्थना की।

वसुदेव ने कहा-मेरी प्रार्थना स्वीकार करके गुरुदेव ने विंध्याचल पर्वत पर जाकर ब्राह्मणों के साथ देवी की आराधना-अर्चना की। विधि-विधानपूर्वक देवी भागवत का नवाह्र यज्ञ किया। अनुष्ठान पूर्ण होने पर गुरुदेव ने मुझे इसकी सूचना देते हुए कहा-देवी ने प्रसन्न होकर यह आकाशवाणी की है-मेरी प्रेरणा से स्वयं विष्णु पृथ्वी के कष्ट निवारण हेतु वसुदेव देवकी के घर अवतार लेंगे। वसुदेव को चाहिए कि उस बालक को गोकुल ग्राम के नंद-यशोदा के घर पहुंचा दें और उसी समय उत्पन्न यशोदा की बालिका को लाकर आठवीं संतान के रूप में कंस को सौंप दें। कंस यथावत् बालिका को धरती पर पटक देगा। वह बालिका कंस के हाथ से तत्काल छूटकर दिव्य शरीर धारण कर, मेरे ही अंश रूप से लोक कल्याण के लिए विध्यांचल पर्वत पर वास करेगी। गर्ग मुनि के द्वारा इस अनुष्ठान फल को सुन कर मैंने प्रसन्नता व्यक्त करते हुए आगे घटी घटनाएं मुनि के कथनानुसार पूरी कीं और कृष्ण की रक्षा की। यह विवरण सुनाकर वसुदेव नारदजी से कहने लगे-मुनिवर ! सौभाग्य से आपका आगमन मेरे लिए शुभ है। अत: आप ही मुझे देवी भागवत पुराण की कथा सुनाकर उपकृत करें।

वसुदेव के कहने पर नारद ने अनुग्रह करते हुए नवाह्र परायण किया। वसुदेव ने नवें दिन कथा समाप्ति पर नारदजी की पूजा-अर्चना की भगवती मां की माया से श्रीकृष्ण जब गुफा में प्रविष्ट हुए तो उन्होंने एक बालिका को मणि से खेलते देखा। जैसे ही कृष्ण ने बालिका से मणि ली, तो बालिका रो उठी। बालिका के रोने की आवाज को सुनकर जामवंत वहां आ पहुंचा तथा कृष्ण से युद्ध करने लगा। दोनों में सत्ताईस दिन तक युद्ध चलता रहा। देवी की कृपा से जामवंत लगातार कमोजर पड़ता गया तथा श्रीकृष्ण शक्ति-संपन्न होते गए। अंत में उन्होंने जामवंत को पराजित कर दिया। भगवती की कृपा से जामवंत को पूर्व स्मृति हो आई। त्रेता में रावण का वध करने वाले राम को ही द्वापर में कृष्ण के रूप में अवतरित जानकर उनकी वंदना की। अज्ञान में किए अपराध के लिए क्षमा मांगी। मणि के साथ अपनी पुत्री जांबवती को भी प्रसन्नतापूर्वक कृष्ण को समर्पित कर दिया।

मथुरा में कथा के समाप्त होने के बाद वसुदेव ब्राह्मण भोज के बाद आशीर्वाद ले रहे थे, उसी समय कृष्ण मणि और जांबवती के साथ वहां पहुच गए। कृष्ण को वहां देखकर सभी की प्रसन्नता की कोई सीमा न रही। भगवती का आभार प्रकट करते हुए वसुदेव-देवकी ने श्रीकृष्ण का अश्रुपूरित नेत्रों से स्वागत किया। वसुदेव का सफल काम बनाकर नारद देवलोक वापस लौट गए।

Varada Vinayak – Ashtavinayak temple of Lord Ganesha

Varada Vinayak

Varada Vinayak temple is one among the Ashtavinayak temple, located in Madh village of Raigad district, Maharashtra. People visit this temple after visiting Balleshwar temple, and then proceed to the next temple which is Chintamani Temple, in Pune.

The Ganesha idol of the temple is self originated (swayambhu). The idol is facing east with its trunk turned to left. This temple also has idols of mushika, Navagraha devatas and Shivalinga. Temple also has four gates and idol of elephant is on each gate.

Varada Vinayak Temple
Varada Vinayak Temple

There is a lamp Nandadeep is said to be burning continuously since 1892. In this temple devotee can enter the Garbhagriha and pay their homage and respect to the idol personally.

Legend :

Bhima, king of Kaudamyapur was childless. He along with his wife met sage Vishwamitra. Sage gave them a mantra to chant. King was blessed with a son, they named him Rukmaganda. He grew into a handsome prince.  

Once he was hunting in a forest and reached a ashram of rishi Vachaknavi. When Rishi’s wife Mukunda saw Rukmaganda she fell in love with him and asked him to fulfill her desire. Rukmaganda refused to do so and left the ashram. Mukunda became lovesick. Lord Indra saw her plight so he took the form of Rukmaganda and made love to her. Mukunda became pregnant and gave birth to a son, Gritsamada.

When Gritsamada learned about the circumstances of his birth he cursed his mother to become unattractive thorny berry bearing ‘Bhor’ plant. Mukunda also cursed him that a cruel demon will be born from him. Suddenly, they both heard a heavenly  voice that Gritsamada was son of Lord Indra. Both were shocked after hearing this but, it was too late their curses could not be altered. Mukunda was transformed into Bhor plant and ashamed Gritsamada  went to forest to prayed Lord Ganesha for a reprieve.

Lord Ganesha was pleased by his penance and offered him a boon that he will have a son who would not be defeated by anybody except Lord Shiva. Gritsamada also requested Ganesha to bless the forest and stay there permanently. Gritsamada built a temple there.

Ganesha idol is called Varada Vinayak, forest is known as Bhadraka.