Killing of Ravana was not an easy task for Lord Rama. He had to seek help of Maa Durga and Maa Saraswati for killing him.
Killing of Ravana
Lord Rama took blessings of Maa Durga – The story of Blue Lotuses
Durga Puja commemorates Prince Rama’s offering to Maa Durga before going to war with the demon king Ravana. Lord Rama first worshipped the ‘Mahishasura Mardini’ (the other name for the Goddess) or the assassin of the buffalo-demon, by offering 108 blue lotuses and lighting 108 lamps.
The legend behind it, Rama went to Lanka to rescue his abducted wife Sita from the grip of Ravana, the king of demons in Lanka. Before starting for his battle with Ravana, Rama wanted the blessings of Devi Durga. He had to offer 108 blue lotuses to the Devi”
After travelling the whole world, Rama could gather only 107 lotuses. He finally decided to offer one of his eyes, which resembled blue lotuses and being a avatar of Lord Vishnu, he was called as Kamalnayan. Maa Durga, pleased with the devotion of Rama, appeared before him and blessed him.
As all know he was born with lotus eyes and everyone regarded them as blue lotus eyes. His decision to pluck his beautiful blue eyes as a substitute for the 108th blue lotus made Devi Chandika or Durga appear in full form before him and stopped him from doing so.
Ravana praising Lord Rama
During the course of battle, Ravana suddenly started praising Rama. This created a tricky situation for the Lord as he could not kill someone who is praising him.
Everyone lose heart knowing this. All Gods and Goddesses assembled together and it was decided in the meeting that Goddess Saraswati should reside on the tongue of Ravana, making him say foul words to Rama.
As soon as this happened, Ravana started saying fould words to Rama and then Rama could kill Ravana.
On the eve of Ganesha Chaturthi, here are some of the interesting stories about Lord Ganesha.
How he became Ekdant
Brahmavart Puran states that when Parshuram went to Kailash Mountain to meet Shiva, he was meditating. Lord Ganesha did not allow Parshuram to meet Shiva. Parshuram got angry and attacked Ganesha.
The weapon he used to attack Ganesha was given to him by Lord Shiva only. Ganesha did not want the attack to go waste as it was his father’s weapon, so he took the attack in his teeth and thus lost one of his teeth. Since then he is known as Ekdant.
Lord Ganesha’s family
Lord Ganesha has two wives Ridhhi (representing Prosperity) and Sidhhi (representing Intellectual Enlightenment). Furthermore, he had two sons – Ridhhi bore him Subha (representing Auspiciousness) while Sidhhi bore him Labha (representing Profit).
Writing of Mahabharat
Lord Ganesha and Sage Vyasa wrote the entire Mahabharata epic. The great sage requested Ganesh to write the poem as he dictated, knowing this would be a arduous task . Ganesha agreed on one condition, Vyasa must recite the entire poem un-interrupted, without pausing or taking a break. The great sage agreed to this request however found a way to give himself a break. When struggling to go ahead, he would give Ganesh incredibly difficult complex passage to write. Ganesh would be forced to ask questions giving the tricky Vyasa the time to rest when needed.
Ganesha is elder or Kartikeya
According to Shiva Purana, Lord Kartikeya is the elder son of Shiva. He is the senapati of the army of Gods.
Some people believe that Ganesha is the elder son. This could be because of the practice of worshipping him first, as he is Prathampoojy (the first worshipped due to a boon of Shiva ) which may have been mistaken for ‘first born’. This is just one of the many explanations given. However, many traditions worship Ganesha as the elder son.
However, it is difficult to say that who is older.
Lord Ganesha’s image is printed on Indonesia’s note
Yes, he is not confined to India. He is famous in Indonesia and appears on their currency.
Haritalika Teej is a famous festival which is celebrated on the third day of Shukla Paksha. This is celebrated by married women in the honour of Goddess Parvati and the observer has to fast for three days.
The story behind this festival
The word Haritalika is made by joining the words ‘harat’ meaning abduction and ‘Aalika’ means one who is a good female friend. According to a story, it was on this day incarnation of Goddess Parvati was abducted by her friends to stop her marriage to Lord Vishnu, and ultimately she was married to Lord Shiva. Goddess Parvati was in form of Maa Shailputri.
Goddess Parvati was performing penance for Lord Shiva. During this time, Narada Muni approached Parvati’s father, Parvata Raj, with a marriage proposal for Parvati from Lord Vishnu. Parvata Raj was very happy with the proposal and gladly accepted it. When Parvati heard about this proposal, she started weeping. Her friends then advised and abducted her so that her marriage to Lord Vishnu can be stopped.
On the third day of the bright half of Bhadrapad, Goddess Parvati made a Shiva lingam out of her hair and prayed. Lord Shiva was so impressed that he gave his word to marry Goddess Parvati. Eventually, Goddess Parvati was united with Lord Shiva and was married to him with her father’s blessing. Since then, the day is referred to as haritalika teej as Goddess Parvati’s female (aalika)friend had to abduct (harit) her in order for the Goddess to achieve her goal of marrying Lord Shiva.
There are many stories about Lord Ganesha’s birth, this one is the most popular. According to this, one day Goddess Parvati went to take a bath, she asked Nandi to guard the door and not let anyone inside.
But being Lord Shiva’s faithful, when Shiva came, he didn’t stop him from entering. Seeing that she didn’t have anyone as faithful to her as Nandi was to Shiva, she collected the turmeric paste she used to clean her body with, and moulded the paste to a handsome boy, Ganesha.
Now when Lord Shiva came, he was duly challenged by Ganesha, which culminated into a battle and the boy losing his life.
श्री कृष्ण जन्म की कहानी का भी गूढ़ अर्थ है। इस कहानी में देवकी शरीर की प्रतीक हैं और वासुदेव जीवन शक्ति अर्थात प्राण के। जब शरीर प्राण धारण करता है, तो आनंद अर्थात श्री कृष्ण का जन्म होता है। लेकिन अहंकार (कंस) आनंद को खत्म करने का प्रयास करता है। यहाँ देवकी का भाई कंस यह दर्शाता है कि शरीर के साथ-साथ अहंकार का भी अस्तित्व होता है। एक प्रसन्न एवं आनंदचित्त व्यक्ति कभी किसी के लिए समस्याएं नहीं खड़ी करता है, परन्तु दुखी और भावनात्मक रूप से घायल व्यक्ति अक्सर दूसरों को घायल करते हैं, या उनकी राह में अवरोध पैदा करते हैं। जिस व्यक्ति को लगता है कि उसके साथ अन्याय हुआ है, वह अपने अहंकार के कारण दूसरों के साथ भी अन्यायपूर्ण व्यवहार करता है।
अहंकार का सबसे बड़ा शत्रु आनंद है। जहाँ आनंद और प्रेम है वहां अहंकार टिक नहीं सकता, उसे झुकना ही पड़ता है। समाज में एक बहुत ही उच्च स्थान पर विराजमान व्यक्ति को भी अपने छोटे बच्चे के सामने झुकना पड़ जाता है। जब बच्चा बीमार हो, तो कितना भी मजबूत व्यक्ति हो, वह थोडा असहाय महसूस करने ही लगता है। प्रेम, सादगी और आनंद के साथ सामना होने पर अहंकार स्वतः ही आसानी से ओझल होने लगता है । श्री कृष्ण आनंद के प्रतीक हैं, सादगी के सार हैं और प्रेम के स्रोत हैं।
नारदजी ने कहा- त्रेतायुग के अन्त में और द्वापर युग के प्रारंभ समय में निन्दितकर्म को करने वाला कंस नाम का एक अत्यंत पापी दैत्य हुआ। उस दुष्ट व नीच कर्मी दुराचारी कंस की देवकी नाम की एक सुंदर बहन थी। देवकी के गर्भ से उत्पन्न आठवाँ पुत्र कंस का वध करेगा।
नारदजी की बातें सुनकर इंद्र ने कहा- हे महामते! उस दुराचारी कंस की कथा का विस्तारपूर्वक वर्णन कीजिए। क्या यह संभव है कि देवकी के गर्भ से उत्पन्न आठवाँ पुत्र अपने मामा कंस की हत्या करेगा। इंद्र की सन्देहभरी बातों को सुनकर नारदजी ने कहा-हे अदितिपुत्र इंद्र! एक समय की बात है। उस दुष्ट कंस ने एक ज्योतिषी से पूछा कि ब्राह्मणों में श्रेष्ठ ज्योतिर्विद! मेरी मृत्यु किस प्रकार और किसके द्वारा होगी। ज्योतिषी बोले-हे दानवों में श्रेष्ठ कंस! वसुदेव की धर्मपत्नी देवकी जो वाक्पटु है और आपकी बहन भी है। उसी के गर्भ से उत्पन्न उसका आठवां पुत्र जो कि शत्रुओं को भी पराजित कर इस संसार में ‘कृष्ण’ के नाम से विख्यात होगा, वही एक समय सूर्योदयकाल में आपका वध करेगा।
ज्योतिषी की बातें सुनकर कंस ने कहा- हे दैवज, बुद्धिमानों में अग्रण्य अब आप यह बताएं कि देवकी का आठवां पुत्र किस मास में किस दिन मेरा वध करेगा। ज्योतिषी बोले- हे महाराज! माघ मास की शुक्ल पक्ष की तिथि को सोलह कलाओं से पूर्ण श्रीकृष्ण से आपका युद्ध होगा। उसी युद्ध में वे आपका वध करेंगे। इसलिए हे महाराज! आप अपनी रक्षा यत्नपूर्वक करें। इतना बताने के पश्चात नारदजी ने इंद्र से कहा- ज्योतिषी द्वारा बताए गए समय पर हीकंस की मृत्युकृष्ण के हाथ निःसंदेह होगी। तब इंद्र ने कहा- हे मुनि! उस दुराचारी कंस की कथा का वर्णनकीजिए और बताइए कि कृष्ण का जन्म कैसे होगा तथा कंस की मृत्यु कृष्ण द्वारा किस प्रकार होगी।
इंद्र की बातों को सुनकर नारदजी ने पुनः कहना प्रारंभ किया- उस दुराचारी कंस ने अपने एक द्वारपाल से कहा- मेरी इस प्राणों से प्रिय बहन की पूर्ण सुरक्षा करना। द्वारपाल ने कहा- ऐसा ही होगा। कंस के जाने के पश्चात उसकी छोटी बहन दुःखित होते हुए जल लेने के बहाने घड़ा लेकर तालाब पर गई। उस तालाब के किनारे एक घनघोर वृक्ष के नीचे बैठकर देवकी रोने लगी। उसी समय एक सुंदर स्त्री जिसका नाम यशोदा था, उसने आकर देवकी से प्रिय वाणी में कहा- हे कान्ते! इस प्रकार तुम क्यों विलाप कर रही हो। अपने रोने का कारण मुझसे बताओ। तब दुःखित देवकी ने यशोदा से कहा- हे बहन! नीच कर्मों में आसक्त दुराचारी मेरा ज्येष्ठ भ्राता कंस है। उस दुष्ट भ्राता ने मेरे कई पुत्रों का वध कर दिया। इस समय मेरे गर्भ में आठवाँ पुत्र है। वह इसका भी वध कर डालेगा। इस बात में किसी प्रकार का संशय या संदेह नहीं है, क्योंकि मेरे ज्येष्ठ भ्राता को यह भय है कि मेरे अष्टम पुत्र से उसकी मृत्यु अवश्य होगी।
देवकी की बातें सुनकर यशोदा ने कहा- हे बहन! विलाप मत करो। मैं भी गर्भवती हूँ। यदि मुझे कन्या हुई तो तुम अपने पुत्र के बदले उस कन्या को ले लेना। इस प्रकार तुम्हारा पुत्र कंस के हाथों मारा नहीं जाएगा।
तदनन्तर कंस ने अपने द्वारपाल से पूछा- देवकी कहाँ है? इस समय वह दिखाई नहीं दे रही है। तब द्वारपाल ने कंस से नम्रवाणी में कहा- हे महाराज! आपकी बहन जल लेने तालाब पर गई हुई हैं। यह सुनते ही कंस क्रोधित हो उठा और उसने द्वारपाल को उसी स्थान पर जाने को कहा जहां वह गई हुई है। द्वारपाल की दृष्टि तालाब के पास देवकी पर पड़ी। तब उसने कहा कि आप किस कारण से यहां आई हैं। उसकी बातें सुनकर देवकी ने कहा कि मेरे गृह में जल नहीं था, जिसे लेने मैं जलाशय पर आई हूँ। इसके पश्चात देवकी अपने गृह की ओर चली गई।
कंस ने पुनः द्वारपाल से कहा कि इस गृह में मेरी बहन की तुम पूर्णतः रक्षा करो। अब कंस को इतना भय लगने लगा कि गृह के भीतर दरवाजों में विशाल ताले बंद करवा दिए और दरवाजे के बाहर दैत्यों और राक्षसों को पहरेदारी के लिए नियुक्त कर दिया। कंस हर प्रकार से अपने प्राणों को बचाने के प्रयास कर रहा था। एक समय सिंह राशि के सूर्य में आकाश मंडल में जलाधारी मेघों ने अपना प्रभुत्व स्थापित किया। भादौ मास की कृष्णपक्ष की अष्टमी तिथि को घनघोर अर्द्धरात्रि थी। उस समय चंद्रमा भी वृष राशि में था, रोहिणी नक्षत्र बुधवार के दिन सौभाग्ययोग से संयुक्त चंद्रमा के आधी रात में उदय होने पर आधी रात के उत्तर एक घड़ी जब हो जाए तो श्रुति-स्मृति पुराणोक्त फल निःसंदेह प्राप्त होता है।
इस प्रकार बताते हुए नारदजी ने इंद्र से कहा- ऐसे विजय नामक शुभ मुहूर्त में श्रीकृष्ण का जन्म हुआ और श्रीकृष्ण के प्रभाव से ही उसी क्षण बन्दीगृह के दरवाजे स्वयं खुल गए। द्वार पर पहरा देने वाले पहरेदार राक्षस सभी मूर्च्छित हो गए। देवकी ने उसी क्षण अपने पति वसुदेव से कहा- हे स्वामी! आप निद्रा का त्याग करें और मेरे इस अष्टम पुत्र को गोकुल में ले जाएँ, वहाँ इस पुत्र को नंद गोप की धर्मपत्नी यशोदा को दे दें। उस समय यमुनाजी पूर्णरूपसे बाढ़ग्रस्त थीं, किन्तु जब वसुदेवजी बालक कृष्ण को सूप में लेकर यमुनाजी को पार करने के लिए उतरे उसी क्षण बालक के चरणों का स्पर्श होते ही यमुनाजी अपने पूर्व स्थिर रूप में आ गईं। किसी प्रकार वसुदेवजी गोकुल पहुँचे और नंद के गृह में प्रवेश कर उन्होंने अपना पुत्र तत्काल उन्हें दे दिया और उसके बदले में उनकी कन्या ले ली। वे तत्क्षण वहां से वापस आकर कंस के बंदी गृह में पहुँच गए।
प्रातःकाल जब सभी राक्षस पहरेदार निद्रा से जागे तो कंस ने द्वारपाल से पूछा कि अब देवकी के गर्भ से क्या हुआ? इस बात का पता लगाकर मुझे बताओ। द्वारपालों ने महाराज की आज्ञा को मानते हुए कारागार में जाकर देखा तो वहाँ देवकी की गोद में एक कन्या थी। जिसे देखकर द्वारपालों ने कंस को सूचित किया, किन्तु कंस को तो उस कन्या से भय होने लगा। अतः वह स्वयं कारागार में गया और उसने देवकी की गोद से कन्या को झपट लिया और उसे एक पत्थर की चट्टान पर पटक दिया किन्तु वह कन्या विष्णु की माया से आकाश की ओर चली गई और अंतरिक्ष में जाकर विद्युत के रूप में परिणित हो गई।
Karna asks Lord Krishna – “My mother left me the moment I was born. Is it my fault I was born an illegitimate child?
He further added that he did not get the education from Dronacharya because I was not considered a Kshatriya. Parshurama taught him the skills of warfare but then gave him the curse to forget everything when he knew that Karna was son of Kunti and indeed a Kshatriya.
Then a cow was accidentally hit by my arrow & its owner cursed Karna for no fault of his. He was disgraced in Draupadi’s Swayamvar. Whatever Karna received in life was due to Duryodhana’s large heart. So he asks why he should not take Duryodhana’s side in the war of Mahabharat.
Response of Lord Krishna
Lord Krishna gave a beautiful reply to Karna. He says that He was born in a Jail. He was separated from his parents on his birth. So many people tried to kill him before he could walk. He grew up with cows, dung while Karna grew up hearing noise of swords, chariots, horses, bow, and arrows. He did not get education, people even disgraced Krishna telling that he was the reason for their problems.
When everyone was being appreciated by their teachers, he had not even received any education. he joined Gurukula of Rishi Sandipani only at the age of 16.
He further added:
You are married to a girl of your choice. I didn’t get the girl I loved & rather ended up marrying those who wanted me or the ones I rescued from demons.
I had to move my whole clan from the banks of Yamuna to far off to save them from Jarasandh. I was called a coward for this act.
So, now tell me this. If Duryodhana wins the war you will get a lot of credit. What do I get if Yudhishthira wins the war? Only the blame for the war. So now he says to Karna – Everybody has Challenges in life to face and life is not easy for anyone. But what is right (Dharma) is known to your Mind (conscience). No matter how much unfairness we got, how many times we were Disgraced, how many times we fall, what is important is how you respond.
He further concludes that life’s unfairness does not give you license to walk the wrong path. Always remember, Life may be tough at few points, but “destiny” is not created by the “shoes” we wear but by the “steps” we take.
The artistic form of Lord Shiva is Lord Nataraja. This is an interesting story which tells how Lord Nataraja has manifested. He originated near the town of Chidambaram at the confluence of two rivers, Vellar and Cooleron. In this region, lot of Sages have kept penance because this area is a thick forest.
A group of sages were engaged in dark rituals like black magic because they believed that God can be controlled by magic wands, rituals and mantras. Thus, they have became harmful for mankind and were troubling everybody.
Lord Shiva wanted to put this to an end and he became a beggar known as Bikshadana.
The appearance of Bikshadana was awesome. He was beautiful and soothing to eyes despite being naked. Lord Vishnu taken the form of Mohini, a beautiful lady and followed him.
The impact of Bhikshadana
This beauty of Bikshadana also caused the wives of the sages to follow Bikshadana. This became a problem for these sages and they started to use their magical powers on Bikshadana to no avail. Because Lord Shiva was there and the supreme God cannot be controlled by these things.
The sages intensified their attack on Bikshadana and released dreadful serpents on the Lord. The wore them as ornaments. They also sent fierce tiger with magical powers.Lord Shiva tore the skin of the beast with ease and used it as his loincloth. An elephant later came out of the sacrificial fires and charged the Lord but was ripped to death by Bikshadana.
Apasmara was sent to neutralize Bhikshadana
Then the sages became highly concerned of the developments and submitted all their powers and gave birth to a demon named Apasmara. He was a symbol of arrogance and ignorance. But Lord effortlessly stepped on the demon’s back and started dancing beautifully.
Tandava or ecstatic dance by Lord Nataraja
This dance is known as Tandava or the ecstatic dance of Lord Shiva. The realisation dawned on the sages. The divine vision removed their arrogance and made them understand that it was none else then Lord Shiva and they had been resorting to bad ways so far.
This miracle happened at the famous temple of Chidambaram. With the help of several rulers and dynasties, the temple was developed in a grand manner. The temple has been one of the most popularly visited places for the devotees of Lord Shiva and was also visited and sung by many Shivite saints. Lord Nataraja thus dances ecstatically in order to remove the ignorance and bondage of humans.
According to Hindu mythology, Lord Shiva is one of the three supreme gods. There is an interesting story behind the of appearance of Lord Shiva. One day, Brahma and Vishnu were arguing which among them is more powerful. At the same time, a massive, fiery pillar appeared. The roots and branches of the tree extended beyond the view of the earth and sky.
Both Vishnu and Brahma ran to find the start and end of the pillar. Brahma turned himself into a goose and flew to the top of the pillar and Vishnu turned into a boar and dug the earth to look for the roots.
Just then, Lord Shiva emerged from an opening in the pillar. Recognizing Lord Shiva’s great power, Both Brahma and Vishnu accepted that Shiva is the third Supreme God, who is true ruler universe.
Lord Krishna’s eight wives are known as Ashtabharya. Out of these, Devi Rukmini was believed to be most devoted towards the Lord. Following is the fascinating story of how Rukmini got married to Lord Krishna
Rukmi and Shishupala
Devi Rukmini was daughter of Bhismak, who was king of Vidarbha. Rukmi was brother of her, who wanted her to marry Shishupal. Upon hearing this Narada went to Bhismak and narrated the life of Lord Krishna and the grandeur of Dwarka. Bhismak heard the tale with full attention and wanted her to marry Lord Krishna. His daughter too enjoyed the tale. But Rukmi had a strong opposition against Lord Krishna. Ignoring the wish of his father, he was not ready to get his sister married to Lord Krishna. So he invited Shishupal, who came to marry Rukmini.
Rukmini sends request to Lord Krishna
Rukmini was determined to marry Lord Krishna. She sent a letter to Krishna through a loyal Brahmin and declared a fast unto death. The letter said that She has declared him as her husband and will not accept anyone else. This is upto the Lord to save her. The messenger returned to Kundanpur with an assurance from Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna too called the charioteer and set out at once for Kundanpur. There in Kundanpur, Rukmini after getting the assurance from the Brahmin was thus waiting for Lord Krishna‘s arrival.
Preparation of wedding
Preparations for Rukmini’s marriage with Shishupala were on with full swing in the city. All houses, streets and lanes were cleaned and sprinkled with scented water. All the men and women folk donned new clothes and ornaments. King Bhismak worshipped his ancestors and gods and welcomed the everyone. Princess Rukmini was given ceremonial bath and donned with auspicious clothes and bracelets.
Rukmini waits for Lord Krishna
All these while, she was eagerly awaiting for Lord Krishna. She had received the news that Dwarakadhish (Krishna) had planned to take her away. She was feeling overwhelmed in her heart. Seeing Lord Krishna arrived intently in the marriage ceremonies of his daughter, her father welcomed him. Seeing him, even the common people of Vidarbh prayed “May our princess Rukmani get Sri Krishna as her husband. At the same time, She emerged from her palace to go to the temple of Ambikadevi, soldiers were guarding her. In the temple, Rukmani prayed peacefully: “O Mother Ambika I greet you and Ganapati, who is sitting in your lap. I seek your blessing that may my wish be fulfilled and may I receive Sri Krishna as my husband.”
Lord Krishna obliges
On her way back, Rukmini was walking very slowly for she was awaiting Lord’s arrival, which was due in any moment. Just then, Lord Krishna appeared before her. Before she could ride her chariot Lord lifted her from amidst the crowd. And in the presence of hundreds of kings, Krishna and Balarama eloped away with bride.
Rukmi is defeated and Lord Krishna marries Rukmini
Hearing that Krishna has eloped with bride, Rukmi and all other kings present there became angry. Accompanied by their huge armies, they decided to give them a chase. But Yadav soldiers were brave and they defeated everyone. All the kings like Jarasandh fled for their lives.
Rukmi had vowed that without getting his sister released from Krishna’s captivity, he would not return to his city. He chased Lord Krishna but was defeated by him and got his head shaved. Thus defeating all the kings, Lord Krishna brought his bride to Dwarka. There they got married formally. Everyone was in great joy to see Lakshmi as Rukmini with her husband Lord Krishna.
वाराणसी, उत्तर प्रदेश, में स्थित मंदिर शायद हिन्दू धर्म में सबसे पवित्र तीर्थ है। हिंदू पवित्र तीर्थ यात्रा के लिए कम से कम करने के लिए वाराणसी जाने की संभावना है लोगों को अपने जीवनकाल में। मुख्य देवता भगवान विश्वनाथ और पवित्रतम सभी शिव मंदिरों की है। यह पश्चिमी पवित्र नदी गंगा के तट पर स्थित है।