Welcome to the Navratri Quiz. Do you know Rama offered his eye to Devi Durga. One form of Durga rides a donkey. There is more. If you know the answers, you can submit this through comments section. Happy Quizzing!
Devi herself has manifested herself before Rama and Lakhshman and said that she was happy with their worship. Which day of Navratra was that day?
In order to defeat Ravana, Rama started Devi Durga worship. He had to offer Blue lotuses to Goddess but one lotus was missing. Himself being called Kamalnayan Lord Rama started to take out his one eye. At this point, Goddess Chandika (Durga) appeared before him and blessed for Victory.
Which form of Navdurga rides a Donkey?
Which form of Devi was born to a Sage?
Which form of Devi creates the solar system?
She contains pitcher which is full of blood.
Lord Rama has also observed Navratri Vrata. Who has advised him on how to perform this puja?
Lord Kartikeya was born to this form of Goddess Durga. Which is that form?
Which form of Devi is also known as “Shubhamkari” ?
Which form of Devi was cleaned with water of The Ganges by Lord Shiva?
Durga is omnipresent as the embodiment of power, intelligence, peace, wealth, morality etc.
Devi Mantras or shloka are known as Siddhi Mantra (the one with perfection). Each and every mantra is full of energy and power of Devi. Mantras of Devi, when chanted with genuine devotion, give positive results. These mantras ward off all troubles & blesses with success. All mantras are disclosed by the Almighty, through the Intelligence, experience of the divinely illuminated sages.
Shri Krishna is most famous and perhaps the most written about among the incarnations of Lord Vishnu. His stories are magical, inspiring and humane. He alone accounted for Pandava’s victory in Mahabharata war. Please read on for some interesting and unknown facts about him.
He was born in a prison
Lord was born in Rohini Nakshatra as the eighth son of Devki and Vasudeva.Though Kamsa wanted him dead, on that night the prison doors opened and his father Vasudev took him to safety in Nand Village.
His gurudakshina to Sage Sandipani
He brought back the son of his guru (teacher), Sandipani, who was dead. Thus he paid his Gurudakshina to Sage Sandipani.
Reunion with his six brothers
Many of us do not know that he also brought back the six sons of Devki (seventh and eighth being Balrama and himself) for a brief reunion. Names of these six sons are Smara, Udgitha, Parishvanga, Patanga, Kshudrabhrit and Ghrini.
These six sons were earlier grand sons of Hiranyakashyap and they were living under a curse.
Killing of Kansa
Kansa or Kamsa was Kalanemi in his earlier birth. Kalanemi was killed by Lord Vishnu. The six sons of Devki were Kalanemi sons in his previous birth and they were cursed by Hiranykashyap that they would be killed by their father. Hence Kansa, duly kills six sons of Devki in their next birth. The six sons of Kalanemi were known by the names of Hamsa, Suvikrama, Kratha, Damana, Ripurmardana and Krodhahanta.
Gandhari’s curse to Lord served two purposes. In his earlier avatar as Lord Rama(incarnation), he killed Bali. He assured Tara (Bali’s widow) that Bali would be able to exact his revenge in his next birth. The hunter Jara was Bali reborn, and in this life, he ended Shri Krishna’s stay on earth with a simple arrow. Thus Gandhari’ s curse and his assurance has been fulfilled.
Shri Krishna and his wives
Shri Krishna had a total of 16,108 wives, of which only eight were his princely wives,also known as Ashtabharya,or patrani. There names are as following
Rukmini, Satyabhama, Jambavati, Nagnajiti, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Bhadra and Lakshmana.
His marriage to Rukmini
Rukmini is also considered to be an avatar of Lakshmi, the goddess of fortune. Shri Krishna married her after she sent him a letter to come and abduct her and save her relatives from a fight.
When he was eloping with Rukmini, Rukmini’s brother Rukmi came and fought, before being defeated by Shri Krishna.
His other 16,100 wives were rescued from Narakasura. They had been forcibly kept in his palace and after Krishna had killed Narakasura he rescued these 16,100 women and freed them.
Out of his wives, Satyabhama had some ego while Rukmini was fully devoted to Lord Krishna. There is a famous incident of Tulabharam, which has established the simplicity of Rukmini was better than the wealth of Satyabhama.
He had eighty sons
He had eighty sons from his eight queens (Ashtapatrani’s). From each of his queen, he had ten sons. Pradyumna was the son of Rukmini. Samba was the son from Jambavati, who was cursed by the sages which later became the reason of destruction of Yadu clan. Shri Krishna himself done penance of Lord Shiva to obtain a son like him. Incidentally, Lord also cursed Samba to be affected by leprosy. Courtesy of Sage Narada.
He advised Arjuna to abduct his sister Subhadra
Shri Krishna’s sister Subhadra was born to Vasudev and Rohini. She was born after Vasudeva was freed from the prison. Balrama wanted her to be married to Duryodhana, who was his favourite disciple. But Rohini and other did not want this. To overcome this situation, Shri Krishna advised Arjuna to abduct Subhadra. He also asked Subhadra to hold the rains of the chariot, so it was technically not an abduction. Balrama was pacified later on, and the marriage was performed at Indraprastha.
There is no mention of Radha in scriptures. Neither Mahabharata, Nor Shrimad Bhagwat mention this. This fact is too important to missed by greats like Ved Vyasa. Probably, this was included by Jayadev and became famous from there.
His relation to Ekalavya
Ekalavya was actually Krishna’s cousin. He was the son of Devashrava (brother of Vasudeva) who got lost in the forest and was found by a Nishada Hiranyadhanu. Ekalavya died protecting his father during Rukmini Swayamvar. He was killed by Krishna. For his great sacrifice of Gurudakshina Krishna blessed Ekalavya that he would be soon reincarnated and take revenge on Drona. This person was Dhristadyumna (who kiled Drona).
He fought with Arjuna
He is arguably the most difficult character to understand. Once, he even started fighting with Arjuna. Lord Shiva got so perturbed that he descended to stop the fight. He asked what he was doing. Krishna’s simple reply was that Arjuna needed to fight in battle and hence he was testing Arjuna.
Who all heard Bhagvad Gita
The narration of the Bhagvad Gita by Lord was heard firsthand not only by Arjuna but also Hanuman and Sanjaya. Hanuman was perched on top of Arjuna’s chariot throughout the battle of Kurukshetra and Sanjaya was blessed by Ved Vyasa with divine vision in order to narrate the events of the battle to Dhritharashtra.
Killing of Sambarasura by his son Pradyumna
Pradyumna was the son of Lord, was an incarnation of Kamadev. Kamadev was turned to ashes by Lord Shiva in the earlier life. In this life, he was abducted by Sambarasura and drowned in the ocean, but somehow survived and appeared in his kitchen. He was looked after by Mayavati, who was an incarnation of Rati. She told him that how Sambarasura has tried to kill him when he was ten days old, and asked him to kill Sambarasura.
Pradyumna immediately went before Sambara and challenged him to fight. Pradyumna began to address him in very strong language, so that his temper might be agitated and he would be moved to fight. Soon, a fight started and Pradyumna beat and killed Sambarasura.
His relation to Pandavas
Pandavas were related to Shri Krishna from mother’s side. Their mother, Kunti, was the sister of Vasudev, father of Shri Krishna.
Shri Krishna’s favourite weapon was Sudarshan Chakra. Its notable uses were in killing of Shishupala and more importantly, it was used to create the illusion of sunset which led to the killing of Jayadratha.
Killing of Kaalyavan
There was demon named Kaalyavan, who was summoned by Jarasandha to fight Shri Krishna. He realized that beating him would take some time, so he used a boon on Muchkund to neutralize Kaalyavan. Muchkund was sleeping in a cave and he had a boon that the first person he sees after waking up, will be turned to ashes. Lord entered the cave and hid behind a rock while Kaalyavan happened to wake up Muchkund, and soon, was left to ashes.
Krishna and Karna
Lord was the first person who told Karna about the secret of his birth. He was trying to persuade Karna while he was in Hastinapur, desperately trying to avert the war. Karna has politely refused his offer and requested him to not to divulge this secret to Pandavas.
Krishna and Gopis
During Raas Leela, Lord danced with gopikas. While dancing, all gopis thought that the Lord was dancing with them.
Durvasa curses Krishna
Durvasa did not spare Lord also from his curse. One day, Durvasa was eating kheer (a sweet dish made of rice and milk) in persence of Lord. Durvasa ordered Lord to apply the left over kheer on his body. He applied it on the full body but did not apply on his feet thinking of the kheer to be consecrated. Durvasa got angry at this and curses Krishna that since you did not obey my orders and did not apply the kheer on your legs,your legs will not remain impenetrable and unbroken. It is the famous story that he left this world because an arrow by a hunter hurt his toe.
Duryodhana foolishly tried to imprison Lord when he came for negotiations. Shri Krishna shows all the kings his great form (Virat roopa) . Knowing this Dhritrashtra, also pleaded to allow him to see him once in this form which was granted. The poorer souls shut their eyes while the pious ones were benefited.
There was a demon named Tarakasura who had the boon that he should only be killed by Lord Shiva’s son. This is soon after Sati’s death, and Lord Shiva was very much perturbed by the death of Sati, so Taraka takes it for granted that Shiva would not at all get remarried, and hence, would not have a son to call his own.
It is believed that Lord Kartikeya or Murugan manifested for the sole purpose of killing Tarakasura. Tarakasura knew very well that Lord Shiva was an ascetic and He would not marry or have children. Hence, he would be invincible.
In the mean time, the other Gods being insecure from Tarakasura, sent Agni or the God of fire to get hold of the ball of fire. But even Agni couldn’t bear the heat of the energy of Shiva and Parvati. So, He handed over the ball to Goddess Ganga. When even Ganga couldn’t bear the heat, She deposited the fire ball into a lake in a forest of reeds.
Why he is known as Shanmukha
Then Goddess Parvati took the form of this water body as She alone could bear the energy of Shiva and Shakti. Finally the fire ball took the form of a baby with six faces. Hence, Kartikeya is also known as Shanmukha or the God with six faces. He was first spotted and taken care of by six women who represented the Pleiades or the Kritikas. So, the divine child was known as Kartikeya or the son of the Kritikas. Later on, he becomes commander-in-chief of the Gods.
Why he is called Swaminatha
Once he asked Lord Brahma to explain the meaning of Om. Brahma explained to him but he was not satisfied. Later on, when asked by Lord Shiva, he explained the whole episode to him. Lord Shiva told that he must learn from Lord Brahma, as he is the supreme creator. To this Kartikeya replied, ‘Then you tell me, what is the meaning of Om?’ Hearing this, Lord Shiva smiled and said, ‘Even I don’t know.’ Kartikeya then said, ‘Then I will tell you because I know the meaning of Om.’
‘Then tell me the meaning since you know it’, said Lord Shiva.
‘I can’t tell you like this. You have to give me the place of the Guru. Only if you put me on the pedestal of the Guru can I tell you’, said Kartikeya. Guru means he has to be on a higher position or platform. The teacher has to sit on a higher place and the student has to sit down and listen to him.
How can Lord Shiva find a seat higher than him, for He is the highest and greatest of Gods? So then Lord Shiva lifted the young Kartikeya on to His shoulders. And then in the ear of Lord Shiva, Lord Kartikeya explained the meaning of the Pranava Mantra (Om).
The essence of Om as explained by Murugan
Kartikeya explained that the entire Creation is contained in Om. The Trinity – Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva are contained in Om. This is the essence and also the secret of Om that Lord Kartikeya narrated to Lord Shiva.
Upon hearing this, Goddess Parvati (Mother of Lord Kartikeya, and an incarnation of the Mother Divine) was elated and overcome with joy.
She said, ‘You have become a Guru (Swami) to my Lord (Natha)!’ Saying this she addressed her son as Swaminatha, and ever since Lord Kartikeya also came to be known as Swaminatha.
Why his flag contains a picture of Rooster (cock)
In due course, Tarakasur was defeated by Lord. So, Tarakasur (ego) became a chicken or rooster after being defeated by Kartikeya. After having defeated Taraka (ego) in battle, Kartikeya spared his life and asked him what boon he would desire. Taraka prayed to always be at the feet of the Lord, and so Lord Kartikeya made him the emblem on His flag. This means that ego should always be kept subdued. Ego is necessary in life but it should be kept subdued.
Lord Kartikeya’s appearance
Lord Kartikeya is one of the most beautiful and handsome gods, also known as Skanda. He rides a peacock called Paravani. His preferred weapon is the Vel or spear hence the popular name Velayudhan – he whose weapon is a spear. He is called Yuddharanga or the wisdom of war too and is represented with six heads and twelve hands. The Lord is popularly known as Subramaniam too which is a common South Indian name.
Lord Murugan is considered very handsome, brave, just. Even though he was seen as a playful youngster, he was also extremely knowledgeable – enough to test Lord Brahma himself.
Lord Murugan has two consorts – Valli and Devasena. Valli is a tribal girl and Devasena is the daughter of Indra, the king of the Devas. His mount is the peacock. Lord the creates his own abode Palani, near Madurai as he was angry on cheated at the sacred fruit.
Kartikeya carries on one hand a spear and his other hand is always blessing devotees. His vehicle is a peacock, a pious bird that grips with its feet a serpent, which symbolizes the ego and desires of people. The peacock represents the destroyer of harmful habits and the conqueror of sensual desires. The symbolism of Kartikeya thus points to the ways and means of reaching perfection in life.
Marriage of Lord Skanda
Amritavalli and Saundaravalli were two daughters of Vishnu born from his eyes. They developed undying love for Skanda and performed severe austerities to obtain him as husband. At Skanda’s instructions, Amritavalli incarnated as Devasena, a young girl under the guardianship of Indra in Swarga. Saundaravalli took the form of Valli, a lass under the protection of Nambiraja, a hunter near Kanchipuram. ‘Valli’ is a Tamil term for the Sanskrit ‘Lavali’, a kind of creeper. As she was found among the creepers as a baby, the hunter called her ‘Valli’. After the war with Surapadma was over, the devas were overjoyed. Skanda acceded to Indra’s prayer to accept Devasena as his consort. The divine wedding was celebrated with great enthusiasm at Tirupparankundram near Madurai in the presence of Parvati and Siva. Indra’s recoronation in Amaravati in Swarga followed. Devas regained their power and positions. Skanda took his home in Skandagiri. He then proceeded to Tiruttani near Chennai, where Valli was looking after barley fields. After a series of sportive love-pranks, in which his brother Vighneswara also lent a helping hand, he married her.
This form of Devi Parvati is also known as Goddess Skandmata, mother of Lord Kartikeya. She is worshipped on the fifth day of the Navratri. The fifth manifestation of the goddess seems to be pure and white. Whenever the oppression by the demons increases, goddess Skandmata rides on a lion and kills them. Devi Skandmata has four arms. She holds lotus in two hands and uses the other hand to support Lord Kartikeya sitting on her lap. Her fourth hand is raised to bless the devotees.
The Kavadi Attam or Kanwar
Celebration of Kavadi Attam is performed during Thai Pusam. This is the ceremonial worship of Murugan, the God of War.
This is symbolic of the devotees carrying a physical burden, imploring the Lord to release them from material bondage.
There is a story behind this Kavadi. Lord Shiva once entrusted the dwarf saint sage Agastya to carry two hillocks and install them in South India. But the sage asked his disciple, Idumban to get them instead. Idumban could not initially lift the hillocks, until he obtained divine help. Idumban put the hillocks down to rest awhile, near Palani. When he attempted to continue with his journey, he found that the hillocks were immovable.
Idumban then sought the help of a scantily dressed youth, who said that the hillocks belonged to him. Lord Murugan easily defeated Idumban. He realized then that the youth was none other than Lord Murugan. Idumban pleaded for pardon and announces that anyone who comes to the hills to worship Murugan with an object similar to the two hillocks suspended by a rod, may be granted his heart’s desire. Idumban’s wish was granted. That is how the kavadi or Kanvad came to play its role in Hindu festivals.
People celebrate Kumara Purnima on the full moon day after Vijayadashami. This is one of the popular festival dedicated to Kartikeya in Odisha. It is believed that unmarried girls worship Kartikeya on this day to get grooms handsome as Kartikeya.
Curses and boons are an integral part of mythological stories. When it comes to curses, Karna from Mahabharata immediately comes to our mind. Similarly Sage Durvasa is also known to be a person, who cursed freely. But do we know, that Lord Rama and Shri Krishna were also cursed and Lakshman has to die as a consequence of a curse. This article attempts to catalog some famous and some unknown curses.
Curse on Lord Rama
Perhaps the most amazing unknown fact from The Ramayana. Tara (wife of Vali) cursed Rama so that he will soon lose Sita after he regains her. She also declared that Sita will return to the earth. This happened after Rama killed Vali when he was having a duel with Sugriva. Tara additionally cursed Rama that in his next birth, he will be killed by Vali. (Shri Krishna and the hunter).
Curse on Jaya and Vijaya by Sanath Kumaras
This can be regarded as the most defining curse in Hindu mythology, which resulted in birth of Ravana, Kumbhkarna, Hiranyakashyap and Hiranyaksha. Lord Vishnu took four avatars to relieve them of their curse. [complete story]
Curse on King Dashrath by parents of Shravan Kumar
Parents of Shravan Kumar cursed Dashrath to suffer for his son, which came true due to boons given to Kaikeyi. Dashratha accidentally killed Shravan Kumar while he was fetching water for his parents. Upon knowing this, his parents cursed him that he would also suffer with separation of his children. This came true when Kaikeyi demanded that Rama should be banished.
Sage Gautam’s curse to Ahilya
Indra disguised himself as Sage Gautam and had a relationship with Ahilya . Sage Gautam came to know of this and he cursed Ahilya to turn into a stone. She was later liberated by Lord Rama. This story is available in Balkand of Ramayana.
Sage Gautam’s curse to Indra
After Indra cheated Sage Gautam’s wife Ahalya, He was cursed by Sage that he would have one thousand female genitals (Sahasrayoni). Later this curse reverted into a boon and Indra got thousand eyes. Indra is also known as Sahasraaksha.
Curse on Lord Hanuman
Hanuman has been very mischievous in his childhood. Some sages, irritated by Hanuman’s exploits, placed a mild curse on him by which he became unable to remember his own ability unless reminded by another person. The curse is highlighted in Kishkindha Kand and Sunder Kand, when Jambavantha reminds Hanuman of his abilities and encourages him to go and find Sita.
Curse on Anjana – mother of Hanuman
Anjana was actually an apsara but took birth as a vanar. Once she threw some fruits on a meditating vanar, who was a sage doing penance. The sage cursed her to born become a vanar the moment she fells in love. She was absolved of this curse later through Brahma’s boon.
Gandhari to Shri Krishna
Gandhari held Krishna responsible for Mahabharat war and cursed that his end will be ordinary. She also cursed that his clan will also destroyed by infighting. Accordingly, her curse came true after 36 years of Mahabharata war.
The curse of sages (Vishwamitra, Durvasa, Vashista, and Narada) to Samba
Samba, Lord Krishna’s son and his friends once have joked with sages. They cursed him to give birth to a iron lump of mass which will bring the destruction of the entire Yadava race.
Shri Krishna’s curse to Samba
Shri Krishna cursed Samba (his own son) to be affected by leprosy.
Shri Krishna to Ashwaththama
Ashwaththama, son of Guru Drona, tried to do the unthinkable. After he tried to kill Abhimanyu’s son (Parikshit) with a deadly weapon brahmastra, Krishna cursed him and to live forever. He also took out the shining jewel from his forehead.
Urvashi’s curse to Arjuna
To become a eunuch when he refused an alliance with her. Later, she diluted this for a year which he used in agyaatvaas. [related link]
Yudhisthira to womankind
That they could not hide anything from anyone. This was done after he came to know from Kunti that Karna was his elder brother who was slain in the war of Mahabharata. Kunti tried the mantra given by Sage Durvasa to test its effectiveness. This would have caused embarassment to her, so she had to let Karna go and kept silent about it. This is why Yudhishthira cursed womankind.
Parshuram to Karna
This is quite famous incident of a teacher and the student. Parshuram cursed Karna that he would forget the mantra when he would need most. There is a whole article on curses on Karna.
Bhoomi devi to Karna
Owing to an incident where Karna cause distress to Bhoomi devi, She cursed him. In the battle of Mahabharat, the wheel of his chariot got stuck.
Brahmin curse to Karna
To die as a helpless as he has killed a cow. Karna had his more than share of curses. Details can be read on this article which is all about curses on Karna.
Curse of Vasishtha on Vasus
Vasishtha cursed vasus to be born on earth as mortals since they have abducted his cow, Nandini. This curse is also related with birth of Bhishma.
Rishi Kindam’s curse to Pandu
Pandu accidentally killed Sage Kindam alongwith his wife. He cursed Pandu to die a similar death. Pandu died alongwith Madri, his second wife.
The curse on King Yayati by Shukracharya
Sage & Guru Shukracarya cursed King yayati to go as a Old man as Yayati secretly wedded Sharmishtha. (She was Devayani’s sister.) He was allowed to exchange his state from someone who was willing to do. Yayati’s all sons refused, but Puru agreed and he later became his successor.
Saraswati’s curse to Brahma
Brahma not being worshipped is associated with Saraswati’s curse too. He was cursed after being irritated with undue advances from Brahma.
Brahma’s curse to Shiva
Originally Brahma has five heads. Once Parvati mistook him for Shiva and when she realized she told this to Shiva. Shiva removed Brahma’s fifth head as Kal Bhairav. Brahma cursed Shiva that the fifth head will be attached to Shiva and will cause him hunger. The fifth head must be attached to his hand itself and hereafter Shiva must be affected having hunger, having no sleep. Parvati sought Vishnu’s advise and got rid of the fifth head ‘Kabala’.
Narada’s curse to sons of Kuber
Narada cursed Kuber’s sons to become trees. They were liberated by Shri Krishna. Nalakuvara and Maṇigriva were Kubera’s sons. Once they were taking bath in water with their wives naked. Sage Narada came that way. The ladies took their garments after seeing the sage. But the sons of Kubera ignored him. Narada gave a lecture on the false prestige and madness after drinking liquor by the rich and influenced. Then Narada cursed them to become twin trees to be released later by Lord Krishna.
Vasishtha’s curse to Satyavrata – Trishanku
He is popularly known as Trishanku and cursed with a debilitating disease. He was cursed because he stole the cow of Sage Vasishtha and killed it. He then ate it later. But he took care of Sage Vishwamitra’s family, Vishwamitra wanted to send him to heaven.
Curse on Shantanu and Ganga by Brahma
Shantanu and Ganga were celestial beings who had also been cursed to be born on earth as human beings. Shantanu was King Mahabhishak and he and Ganga were cursed by Brahma for their indecencies in their past lives.
Saraswati’s curse to Laxmi
To be born as a tree, Saraswati as a result of Ganga’s curse would become the wife of Brahma. Ganga due to Saraswati’s curse would become a holy River to demolish the sins of those who take baths on her waters.
Curse of Kabandha
Kabandha was a Gandharva. Lord Indra made Kabandha in a ugly creature. He gave him two long arms and a mouth on his belly. Indra said that Kabandha would regain his original form when Rama severs his arms. Rama meets the rakshasa Kabandha and kills him, freeing him from a curse. The freed Kabandha advises Rama to seek the help of Sugriva to find Sita.
Ganesha’s curse to Moon
Ganesha cursed moon for him being impolite. The whole story is available here.
Shiva’s curse to Brahma
Shiva decided that Brahma would not be worshipped as he had lied to him [complete story]. Another associated curse is on ketaki flower that it would not be used in worship.
Curse of Narada on Vishnu
Narada cursed Lord Vshnu to become dependent on Vanara. This was fulfilled when Hanuman helped Lord Rama in the Ramayana.
Curse of Radha to Sridhama
To be born as in a low family. Sridhama also cursed Radha that she will be separated from Krishna for 100 years.
In Indian mythology, there are two major epics. The Ramayana, and the Mahabharat. In Treta yuga, the story of Rama and his wife Sita, is the main story around which the Ramayana is written. This epic was written by Sage Valmiki, who himself was a robber, but later mended his ways to become a sage.
Dashrath organizes Putra Kameshti Yagya
King Dashrath, the king of Ayodhya organised yagna with a desire for son. Agni, the god of fire presented him with a bowl of kheer(sweet rice). Upon comsumption of kheer, Dashratha would beget sons.
The Kheer or payasam, thus obtained, was distributed among Dashrath’s three wives, Kaushalya, Kaikeyi and Sumitra. Soon enough, these queens have been blessed with sons, Rama, Bharat, Laxman and Shatrughan.
Learning at Sage Vasistha’s ashram
Sage Vasistha was the teacher of four brothers. He taught them all the skills required by them as the princes.
Helping Sage Vishwamitra
Rama and Laksham helped sage Vishwamitra. Rakshasas were creating problems for him. Sages were unable to perform yagna. Sage asked Dashrath to give Rama and Lakshman to help him. Dashrath was initially worried. Persuaded by Vasistha, he agreed. This helped the princes as Vishwamitra trained them in warfare. Both brothers killed Taraka and Subahu among other demons.
Swayamvar of Sita and liberation of Ahalya
Vishwamitra received invitation from King Janak for Sita’s swayamvar. He asked Rama and Lakshman to accompany him.
Along the way, they came to a place where Ahilya was present in a form of stone. Rama liberated her on advise of sage. She was serving a curse of sage Gautam, who was her husband.
At Mithila, the challenge of Sita swayamvar was to tie the string of Shiva’s bow. Many warriors including Ravana has failed in even moving the bow. However, Rama could easily lift the bow. While trying to string the bow, it broken into two pieces. Sita got Rama as her husband.
However, this brought Lord Parshurama to the ceremony. There was the classic confrontation between two avatars of Vishnu. Rama succeeded in pacifying Parshurama.
Wedding of Rama and Sita
Finally, the wedding of Rama and Sita took place. All four brother were married. Lakshman was married with Urmila, Janak’s second daughter and Bharat and Shatrughna with Mandavi and Shrutikirti, the daughters of Janak’s younger brother Kushadhwaj.
There is an important temple of Lord Balaji (Lord Hanuman) in Kaushambi, Ghaziabad. This temple was established in 1981 and currently attracts lot of Bhaktas here.
This temple is dedicated to Lord Hanumana, but houses other Devi Devtas as well. Lord Vishnu, Devi Lakshmi, Rama and Lakshman, Lord Shiva, Navgrah and Sai Baba, all are present here.
Shringar of Bhagwan Hanuman
On the auspicious day of Tuesday or Saturday, Shringar of Lord Hanuman is performed. This is done in following stages:
Paste of Vermilion and Jasmine oil is prepared
This paste is applied on the body of Lord Hanumana. This has a significance that Once Lord has applied the vermilion to his whole body after seeing that Devi Sita was applying vermilion to protect her husband, Lord Rama.
Lord’s feet and hand are covered with silver foil
Old clothes are changed with new ones
The new clothes are offered to Lord Hanumana. After that Aarti is performed.
Pandit Jee Shri Sanjay Pandey normally perform this ritual on Tuesday and Saturday.
Lord Radha Krishna and Lord Shiva are also in this Temple. There is a huge gathering of bhaktas happen in this temple on auspicious occasions.
In Hindu mythology, Goddesses Durga or Shakti is the the most powerful deity of Hindu . She is Mother of Universe. Durga is the manifestation of mother Parvati when evil forces threatened the very existence of Gods. In Sanskrit, Durga means a place which is difficult to win. She got the name because of her protective and combative nature. She is the protector of what is good and harmony. It is believed that she originated to kill the demon Mahishasura hence also known as Mahishasurmardini.
Maa Durga appearance
Maa Durga is depicted as 8 or 10 hands which represents 8 quadrant or 10 directions . Thus, it is believed that she protects her devotee from all the directions. She also holds different weapons in different hand like Sudarshan chakra, Sword, Trident, Bow and Arrows, Thunderbolt and Mace. She also holds Conch and Lotus in other two hands and one hand is in Abhaya Mudra.
She rides on a lion. Lion represents power, will and determination. Durga riding on a lion symbolises she possesses unlimited powers and uses it to protect virtue and destroy evil.
She is also known as Triyambake as she has 3 eyes. Her left eye represents Desire-Moon, right eye represents Action- Sun and her central eye represents Knowledge or Fire.
Maa Durga protects from all evils and negativity. Navratri is the most auspicious time to please Goddesses. During Navratri nine forms of Durga is worshipped for nine days to get her unlimited blessings. To please Goddess Durga several mantras are chanted throughout the year specially during Navratri. It is believed that chanting Durga mantra has power to transform our lives and give us more shakti.
There are several mantras to please Goddess Durga but the most simple and easy is “OM SRI DURGAYA NAMAH’’ It is believed that chanting this mantra regularly will remove physical, mental and worldly problems in life and will shower us with her unlimited blessing. Devi mantras are also known as Siddhi mantra. Each and every mantra is full of energy and power. It is believed that when mantras are chanted with devotion it gives positive results . It helps to remove all the trouble and bless with success.
1. Most powerful Mantra
सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते
We bow to you O Devi Narayani. You are the the auspicious for everyone, you bring happiness . You are the one who completes every work for everyone. You are protector of everyone. You are the one with 3 eyes and a beautiful face. We salute you, O Narayani.
She is the most auspicious one and the one who bestows auspiciousness upon all the worlds. She is pure and holy.
Maa protects those who surrender to her and is also called the three eyed one and Gauri (daughter of mountain king). I bow down to Mother Durga who is the sister of Mahavishnu.
Benefits of this Mantra
This mantra is recited almost during all celebrations, rituals and events. Regular chanting can give wisdom and strength combined with a prosperous life.
2. Devi Stuti
या देवी सर्वभुतेषु क्षान्तिरूपेण संस्थिता
या देवी सर्वभुतेषु शक्तिरूपेण संस्थिता
या देवी सर्वभुतेषु मातृरूपेण संस्थिता
या देवी सर्वभुतेषु बुद्धिरूपेण संस्थिता
नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमस्तस्यै नमो नमः
Ya devi sarva bhuteshu, shanti rupena sangsthita
Ya devi sarva bhuteshu, shakti rupena sangsthita
Ya devi sarva bhuteshu, matri rupena sangsthita
Yaa devi sarva bhuteshu, buddhi rupena sangsthita
Namastasyai, namastasyai, namastasyai, namo namaha
Meaning of above Mantra
The goddess who is omnipresent as the personification of universal mother
The goddess who is omnipresent as the embodiment of the power
The goddess who is omnipresent as the symbol of peace
Oh, Goddess (Devi) who resides everywhere in all living beings as intelligence and beauty
I bow to her, I bow to her, I bow to her again & again
It helps to build inner power and allows the devotee to develop healthy, loving relationships. Chanting of this Mantra blocks negative thoughts and banish ignorance.
3.Maa Durga Dhyaan Mantra
ॐ जटा जूट समायुक्तमर्धेंन्दु कृत लक्षणाम |
लोचनत्रय संयुक्तां पद्मेन्दुसद्यशाननाम ||
Om jataa jut samaayuktamardhendu krit lakshnam|
Lochanyatra sanyuktam padmendu sadya shan naam ||
Benefits of Dhyaan mantra
This mantra is chanted before chanting any other Durga Mantras. It is important for all specially for children . As it helps in focus and maintaining one’s concentration in all field.
4. Maa durga Shatru Shanti Mantra
रिपव: संक्षयम् यान्ति कल्याणम चोपपद्यते |
नन्दते च कुलम पुंसाम माहात्म्यम मम श्रृणुयान्मम ||
Ripavah sankshayam yaanti kalyaanam chop padyate |
Nandate cha kulam punsaam maahaatmyam mam srinu yaanmam ||
Benefit of Shatru Shanti Mantra
This powerful mantra provide protection against all negativeness, enemies and adversaries. Regular chanting of mantra has power to destroy enemies. It also brings prosperity, bliss and peace in one’s life.
It one suffers from nightmare, Chanting this powerful mantra helps in getting relief from all kind of negative thought and fearful dreams. This mantra also has power to nullify the malefic effect of bad planetary movements.
7. Maa Durga Mantra for calming restless and fearful baby.
बालग्रहभिभूतानां बालानां शांतिकारकं
सङ्घातभेदे च नृणाम मैत्रीकरणमुतमम
Baal grah bhibhutaanaam baalaanam shantikaarkam
Sanghatbhede ch nrinaam maetri karan mutmam
Benefit of the Mantra
This powerful mantra helps to calm a restless and fearful child. Sometime child feels that unnatural and spectral being are troubling him thus he feels haunted. In such case parent can chant this mantra to eliminate all such negative energy that is disturbing the child.
You who are perpetually endeavouring to protect the weak and the poor and remove their misery. Oh Narayani, I pray to you.
Oh Goddess Durga, please protect us from all kinds of fear. Oh omnipotent Durga, I pray to you.
Oh Goddess, when you are pleased, remove all ailments and when you are angry, destroy everything that a person desires for. However, those who come to you for sanctuary never have to confront any casastrophy. Instead, such people secure enough merit to provide shelter to others.
Whoever listens to the story of the Goddess during the great Puja that is organised in the winters succeeds in overcoming all obstacles and is blessed wealth and progeny.
Oh Goddess, bless me with good fortune, good health, good looks, success and fame. Oh Vaishnavi, you are the very basis for the world. You have mesmerized the World. When you are pleased with some one you ensure his salvation from the cycle of life and death.
Oh Goddess, you who are known by the names of Mangala, Kali, Bhadra Kali, Kapalinee, Durge, Kshama, Shivaa, Dhatri, Swahaa, Swadha, I pray to you.’
Benefits of the mantra
Maa Durga mantras are very powerful and have potential to help solve one’s issue and relax one’s mind. Durga Maa protect her devotee from all evils and mishappening. The effectiveness of mantras depend on the mental discipline involvement and its correct recitation.
Boons are integral part of Indian Mythology. Lord Brahma is associated with some of the famous boons. Here are some of the famous boons are detailed. I am sure you will enjoy some of the known and unknown boons.
He was granted boon by Brahma that he would never be won over in any battle, until his Yagna (fire-worship) of his native goddess Nikumbala was disturbed and destroyed. Lakshman disturbed his yagna and finally killed him in the battle.
Lord Shiva’s boon to Jayadrath
Jayadrath had a boon that he could hold all the Pandavas for a day in battle, except for Arjuna. This proved to be undoing of Abhimanyu when Arjuna was not around in the battle and Drona formed a Chakravyuha. When Arjuna heard this, he vowed that he will kill Jayadrath or will sacrifice his life. Lord Krishna has to do a bit of work to deal with this situation. Even killing of Jayadrath was tricky which will be detailed in next section.
Jayadrath father’s boon
Whosoever causes the head of his son to fall on the earth, his head would blow into thousand pieces.One day Jayadratha met his father Vridhakshtra who was a sage. He asked his father to grant him a boon by which he could choose the time of his death just like Shantanu who gave a similar boon to Devavrata (i.e. Bhishma). He said that who ever caused the head of Jayadrath to fall on the ground, will be killed immediately by having his own head burst into hundred pieces. When Arjuna beheaded Jayadrath, he ensure that his head falls in the lap of his meditating father.
Bhishma from Shantanu
Shantanu blessed his son that he would chose his own time of death. This was following the Bhishma pratigya taken by Devvrata.
Durvasa to Kunti
Birth of Pandavas. Kunti served sage Durvasa for a year and he became very pleased with her. He has given her a mantra. Using this, she could call any god at anytime who would assist her in begetting a son. Kunti used this mantra four times and Madri couple of times.
Sage Parashar’s boon to Satyavati
Satyavati, the mother of Ved Vyasa, smelled like a fish. Sage Parashar saw her once and got smitten by her beauty and proposed her. Satyavati put forth couple of conditions, one of them was that she should get rid of the smell from her body. Parashar told her that this would be fulfilled and instead of the smell, a fragrance will emanate from her body which can be sensed miles away.
Boon of Vali
Ram has to kill him in disguise because of a boon. While in fight, opponents half strength would be transferred to him. This story is also available in the link given above.
Parshuram’s boon to Karna
Parshuram cursed Karna which resulted in him being defeated in the Mahabharata. But Parshuram also blessed Karna to have everlasting fame.
Boon to Hiranyaksha by Brahma
Once Hiranyaksha did a lot of austerities so that Lord Brahma would give him a boon. He asked and received a boon that no god, demon, beast or human could ever kill him. He was killed by Varaha avatar of Lord Vishnu.
Hiranyakashyap had a similar boon. And his boon also included that he would not be killed in day or night, inside or outside a house, nor by a human or beast. He was killed by Narsingh avatar – a Vishnu dashavatar. His son Prahlad was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu and he summoned his lord after Hiranyakashyap challenged him that where is his lord?
Shiva’s boon to Arjuna
The boon which Arjuna is said to have received was called Pashupata, Shiva’s most powerful weapon.
Boons to Hanuman
Hanuman was blessed with two boons which were useful in Sunder Kand.
First was given to him by Brahma that no weapon could harm him. When Brahmastra was used on him, he let himself captured to honour the greatest weapon brahmastra.
Second was given to him by Surya. He was given Laghima and Garima (to be able to attain the smallest or to attain the biggest form). With the helo of these, he went past Sursa.
Shiva’s boon to Ganesha
Shiva granted Ganesha a boon that before beginning of any undertaking or task people would worship Lord Ganesh. Thus the reason for worship of ganesha before start of any work.
Brahma’s boon to Anjana
Anjana was initially cursed to live as a vanaar, Brahma told her that she would be absolved of the curse if she gives birth to a incarnation of Lord Shiva.
Karna’s boon to Kunti
Karna assured Kunti that will not use a weapon twice against Arjuna. He later did not use the Naga astra. He also promised Kunti that she will have five sons, so he did not killed Pandavas other than Arjuna, though he could do so.
Kaikeyi’s boon by Dashrath
Dashrath granted couple of boons to Kaikeyi during Dev Asur sangram. Dashrath was deeply wounded and he was tended by Kaikeyi. She claimed two boons that Dasharatha had long ago granted her, which resulted in Lord Rama’s vanvaas.
Shiva’s boon to Draupadi for desired husband(s)
Draupadi wanted to have a husband with fourteen qualities. Shiva said this is difficult. Upon insistence, he said that she will get five husbands. He gave another boon to her.
Draupadi’s boon to remain as a virgin
Shiva granted a boon that she would regain virginity as soon as she takes a bath in the morning. Thus she was able to become the wife of five pandavas at the same time.
In Hindu mythology, all the God and Goddesses are associated with some trees, shrubs and creepers. Similarly, all nine planets are believed to control the destiny of a person are associated with trees, bushes and grass. Navgrah Vatika is a garden of nine trees, bushes and grasses which represents planets. These trees are planted in a particular direction to get the benefits of nine planets or grahs hence it is called Navgrah Vatika.
Importance of Navgrah Vatika
In Navgrah Vatika each plant represents different celestial forces so, vatika is used to get the power of navgrah. It creates positive energy and purifies air. It removes vastu dosh. Navgrah vatika brings prosperity, good health and wealth.
Name of trees with direction
1. Achyranthes aspera It is a common weed of Amaranthaceae family. Its Common name is Chaff flower, in sanskrit its called apamarga, in hindi it’s called chirchra. It represents Mercury or Budha. It is planted in north direction.
2.Ficus racemosa It is commonly known as cluster fig or Gular. It represents the planet Venus or Shukra. It is planted in East direction. This tree is considered sacred among Hindus. Its wood is used in homa ceremony.
3.Butea monosperma it is commonly known as Palash : This represents Moon or Chandra. It is planted in southeast direction. Spoons/Ladles made of this tree are used in various Hindu rituals to pour Ghee (clarified butter) into the fire. The tri foliated formation of its leaves represent Holy Trinity Vishnu, Brahma and Mahesh.
A very interesting story is also related to Palash Tree. Once Parvati cursed Gods to be born as trees. Due to the curse Agni dev or God of Fire was converted into Palash tree, Vishnu into Peepal and Rudra into Vata tree.
4. Peepal Tree, Ficus religiosa or sacred fig
Peepal tree is considered sacred among hindus. Roots of the trees represents Brahma, Vishnu represents its trunk and Shiva represents its leaves. People often water the tree on saturday as it is believed that Vishnu along with Lakshmi resides on tree on Saturday. One who worship the tree is rewarded with wealth and name. It represents Jupiter or guru. It is planted in Northeast direction.
5. Calotropis procera It is also known as ark. It represents Sun or Surya. It is planted at the center or middle. Incidentally, this tree is found to be effective in treating skin and wound infections in traditional medicine.
6.Acacia catechu it is also known as khair. It represents Mars or mangal It is planted in South direction. Usually Sruva or sacrificial ladle is made from its wood.
7.Imperata cylindrica or thatch grass or Darbha. It represents Ketu. It is planted in north west direction. During Kurmavatara hairs grew from the tortoiseshell of Lord Vishnu. They washed ashore to become Darbha grass. Hindu considered it very sacred and it is used in all religious ceremonies. Darbha mats are considered best for meditation.
8.Prosopis cineraria also known as Shami. It represents Saturn or Shani. It is planted in west direction.It is believed that offering shami leaves to ganesha, Shiva and Hanuman one is blessed with longevity, honour and prosperity. It is also believed that Shami tree gives power and victory to those who pray to it.
9. Cynodon dactylon It is also known as Durva grass. It represents Rahu. It is planted in south west direction. No puja is considered completed without offering Durva grass to Lord Ganesha.
Once there was a demon named Analasura who emitted fire from his eyes and destroyed whatever came in his way. Ganesha had a fierce battle with him. Finally, Ganesha gulped him down and became restless due to the heat inside his body. Moon, Vishnu and Shiva all came for his help. Finally he was relieved when some sage placed some durva grass on his head. Then Ganesha declared whosoever worship him with durva grass will forever receive his blessing.
बहुत पहले द्वारका पुरी में भोजवंशी राजा सत्राजित रहता था। सूर्य की भक्ति-आराधना के बल पर उसने स्वमंतक नाम की अत्यंत चमकदार मणि प्राप्त की। मणि की क्रांति से राजा स्वयं सूर्य जैसा प्रभा-मंडित हो जाता था। इस भ्रम में जब यादवों ने श्रीकृष्ण से भगवान सूर्य के आगमन की बात कही, तब अंतर्यामी कृष्ण ने यादवों की शंका का निवारण करते हुए कहा कि आने वाले महानुभाव स्वमंतक मणिधारी राजा सत्राजित हैं, सूर्य नहीं। स्वमंतक मणि का गुण था कि उसको धारण करने वाला प्रतिदिन आठ किलो स्वर्ण प्राप्त करेगा। उस प्रदेश में किसी भी प्रकार की मानवीय या दैवीय विपत्ति का कोई चिह्न तक नहीं था। स्वमंतक मणि प्राप्त करने की इच्छा स्वयं कृष्ण ने भी की लेकिन सत्राजित ने अस्वीकार कर दिया।
एक बार सत्राजित का भाई प्रसेनजित उस मणि को धारण करके घोड़े पर चढ़कर शिकार को गया तो एक सिंह ने उसे मार डाला। संयोग से जामवंत नामक रीछ ने सिंह को ही मार डाला और वह मणि को लेकर अपनी गुफा में आ गया। जामवंत की बेटी मणि को खिलौना समझकर खेलने लगी। प्रसेनजित के न लौटने पर द्वारका में यह अफवाह फैल गई कि कृष्ण को सत्राजित द्वारा मणि देने से इनकार करने पर दुर्भावनावश कृष्ण ने प्रसेनजित की हत्या करा दी और मणि पर अपना अधिकार कर लिया। कृष्ण इस अफवाह से दु:खी होकर प्रसेनजित को खोजने के लिए निकल पड़े। वन में कृष्ण और उनके साथियों ने प्रसेनजित के साथ एक सिंह को भी मरा पाया। उन्हें वहां रीछ के पैरों के निशानों के संकेत भी मिले, जो भीतर गुफा में प्रवेश के सूचक थे। इससे कृष्ण ने सिंह को मारने तथा मणि के रीछ के पास होने का अनुमान लगाया।
अपने साथियों को बाहर रहकर प्रतीक्षा करने के लिए कहकर स्वयं कृष्ण गुफा के भीतर प्रवेश कर गए। काफी समय बाद भी कृष्ण के वापस न आने पर निराश होकर लौटे साथी ने कृष्ण के भी मारे जाने का मिथ्या प्रचार कर दिया। कृष्ण के न लौटने पर उनके पिता वसुदेव पुत्र-शोक में व्यथित हो उठे। उसी समय महर्षि नारद आ गए। समाचार जानकर नारदजी ने वसुदेव से श्रीमद् देवी भागवत पुराण के श्रवण का उपदेश दिया। वसुदेव मां भगवती की कृपा से पूर्व परिचित थे। उन्होंने नारदजी से कहा-देवर्षि, देवकी के साथ कारागारवास करते हुए जब छ: पुत्र कंस के हाथों मारे जा चुके थे तो हम दोनों पति-पत्नी काफी व्यथित और अंसतुलित हो गए थे। तब अपने कुल पुरोहित महर्षि गर्ग से परामर्श किया और कष्ट से छुटकारा पाने का उपाय पूछा। गुरुदेव ने जगदम्बा मां की गाथा का पारायण करने को कहा। कारागार में होने के कारण मेरे लिए यह संभव नहीं था। अत: गुरुदेव से ही यह कार्य संपन्न कराने की प्रार्थना की।
वसुदेव ने कहा-मेरी प्रार्थना स्वीकार करके गुरुदेव ने विंध्याचल पर्वत पर जाकर ब्राह्मणों के साथ देवी की आराधना-अर्चना की। विधि-विधानपूर्वक देवी भागवत का नवाह्र यज्ञ किया। अनुष्ठान पूर्ण होने पर गुरुदेव ने मुझे इसकी सूचना देते हुए कहा-देवी ने प्रसन्न होकर यह आकाशवाणी की है-मेरी प्रेरणा से स्वयं विष्णु पृथ्वी के कष्ट निवारण हेतु वसुदेव देवकी के घर अवतार लेंगे। वसुदेव को चाहिए कि उस बालक को गोकुल ग्राम के नंद-यशोदा के घर पहुंचा दें और उसी समय उत्पन्न यशोदा की बालिका को लाकर आठवीं संतान के रूप में कंस को सौंप दें। कंस यथावत् बालिका को धरती पर पटक देगा। वह बालिका कंस के हाथ से तत्काल छूटकर दिव्य शरीर धारण कर, मेरे ही अंश रूप से लोक कल्याण के लिए विध्यांचल पर्वत पर वास करेगी। गर्ग मुनि के द्वारा इस अनुष्ठान फल को सुन कर मैंने प्रसन्नता व्यक्त करते हुए आगे घटी घटनाएं मुनि के कथनानुसार पूरी कीं और कृष्ण की रक्षा की। यह विवरण सुनाकर वसुदेव नारदजी से कहने लगे-मुनिवर ! सौभाग्य से आपका आगमन मेरे लिए शुभ है। अत: आप ही मुझे देवी भागवत पुराण की कथा सुनाकर उपकृत करें।
वसुदेव के कहने पर नारद ने अनुग्रह करते हुए नवाह्र परायण किया। वसुदेव ने नवें दिन कथा समाप्ति पर नारदजी की पूजा-अर्चना की भगवती मां की माया से श्रीकृष्ण जब गुफा में प्रविष्ट हुए तो उन्होंने एक बालिका को मणि से खेलते देखा। जैसे ही कृष्ण ने बालिका से मणि ली, तो बालिका रो उठी। बालिका के रोने की आवाज को सुनकर जामवंत वहां आ पहुंचा तथा कृष्ण से युद्ध करने लगा। दोनों में सत्ताईस दिन तक युद्ध चलता रहा। देवी की कृपा से जामवंत लगातार कमोजर पड़ता गया तथा श्रीकृष्ण शक्ति-संपन्न होते गए। अंत में उन्होंने जामवंत को पराजित कर दिया। भगवती की कृपा से जामवंत को पूर्व स्मृति हो आई। त्रेता में रावण का वध करने वाले राम को ही द्वापर में कृष्ण के रूप में अवतरित जानकर उनकी वंदना की। अज्ञान में किए अपराध के लिए क्षमा मांगी। मणि के साथ अपनी पुत्री जांबवती को भी प्रसन्नतापूर्वक कृष्ण को समर्पित कर दिया।
मथुरा में कथा के समाप्त होने के बाद वसुदेव ब्राह्मण भोज के बाद आशीर्वाद ले रहे थे, उसी समय कृष्ण मणि और जांबवती के साथ वहां पहुच गए। कृष्ण को वहां देखकर सभी की प्रसन्नता की कोई सीमा न रही। भगवती का आभार प्रकट करते हुए वसुदेव-देवकी ने श्रीकृष्ण का अश्रुपूरित नेत्रों से स्वागत किया। वसुदेव का सफल काम बनाकर नारद देवलोक वापस लौट गए।
Devi Mantras are known as Siddhi Mantra (the one with perfection). Each and every mantra is full of energy and power of Devi. Mantras of Devi, when chanted with genuine devotion, give positive results. These mantras ward off all troubles & blesses with success. All mantras are disclosed by the Almighty, through the Intelligence, experience of the divinely illuminated sages.
To the Divine Goddess who resides in all existence in the form of energy.
महालया त्यौहार के शुभ अवसर पर सभी लोग माँ दुर्गा की पूजा करते हैं। सभी लोग इस दिन अपने पूर्वजों की पूजा करते हैं और उन्हें खाना, नए कपडे और मिठाईयां अर्पण करते हैं। यह त्यौहार दुर्गा पूजा का एक अभिन्न अंग है। माता दुर्गा को अपार शक्ति की देवी माना जाता है। यह त्यौहार और पूजा माता दुर्गा को पृथ्वी पर आमंत्रित करने के लिए मनाया जाता है ।
Mahalaya marks the beginning of the ‘Devi-Paksha’ and the end of the ‘Pitri-Paksha’ (the Shradh or the mourning period). It is said that Goddess Durga starts her journey towards earth (to her paternal home) on the day of Mahalaya, that is, on the first day of the ‘Devi-Paksha’. Since Goddess Durga is traditionally worshipped at spring-time, this Sharadiya (autumnal) festival is also known as Akaalbodhan (untimely invoking of the Goddess).
महालया त्यौहार का इतिहास तब से जुड़ा है जब श्री राम ने लंका युद्ध के लिए जाने से पहले देवी माँ दुर्गा की पूजा की थी। उन्होंने देवी से आशीर्वाद लिए ताकि वे माता सीता को रावण के चंगुल से सफलतापूर्वक छुड़ा कर ला सकें। माना जाता है जब श्री राम माता दुर्गा की पूजा कर रहे थे तो सभी देवताओं ने भी उनके साथ मिल कर दुर्गा माँ की पूजा की थी। इसी दिन देवी दुर्गा ने स्वर्ग से पृथ्वी का सफ़र शुरू किया था।
एक और कहानी जो महालया से जुडी है वो है कर्ण की कहानी। कर्ण को दान वीर कहा जाता है क्योंकि वह भोजन को छोड़ कर सब कुछ दान देते थे। उनकी मृत्यु के बाद भी उन्हें पृथ्वी पर 14 दीन का समय दिया ताकि वे जितना ज्यादा हो सके दान कर सकें।
KARNA AND THE GOOD DEED OF ‘DAAN’
Not quite related to Mahalaya, but the Mahabharat has a tale of Karna seldom told. Like you would already know, Karna, despite being the son of Lord Surya (Sun God) and Kunti, lived his life as a charioteer’s son. Karna grew up to be one of the most handsome men around, flaunting the gold armour and earrings he was born with, and was unquestionably the best in warfare. Yes, even better than Arjun.
Karna, however, never got the respect he deserved and was always put down by people reminding him of his caste. Being the generous, righteous man he is, Karna never said no to anyone. He wanted to ensure his soul enters the heaven but for that ‘anna daanam’ (food donation) was important. This is the one thing Karna could not do in his life because nobody wanted to eat at his house, because caste.
The Epic has it that Karna was not fed in heaven because he never offered food to his ancestors (Pind-daan) and people never ate at his house. There is another story that says Lord Krishna did give Karna a chance to exhibit his generosity and ensured that in his next birth, Karna will be able to perform anna-daanam after which he will attain moksha.
Killing of Ravana was not an easy task for Lord Rama. He had to seek help of Maa Durga and Maa Saraswati for killing him.
Killing of Ravana
Lord Rama took blessings of Maa Durga – The story of Blue Lotuses
Durga Puja commemorates Prince Rama’s offering to Maa Durga before going to war with the demon king Ravana. Lord Rama first worshipped the ‘Mahishasura Mardini’ (the other name for the Goddess) or the assassin of the buffalo-demon, by offering 108 blue lotuses and lighting 108 lamps.
The legend behind it, Rama went to Lanka to rescue his abducted wife Sita from the grip of Ravana, the king of demons in Lanka. Before starting for his battle with Ravana, Rama wanted the blessings of Devi Durga. He had to offer 108 blue lotuses to the Devi”
After travelling the whole world, Rama could gather only 107 lotuses. He finally decided to offer one of his eyes, which resembled blue lotuses and being a avatar of Lord Vishnu, he was called as Kamalnayan. Maa Durga, pleased with the devotion of Rama, appeared before him and blessed him.
As all know he was born with lotus eyes and everyone regarded them as blue lotus eyes. His decision to pluck his beautiful blue eyes as a substitute for the 108th blue lotus made Devi Chandika or Durga appear in full form before him and stopped him from doing so.
Ravana praising Lord Rama
During the course of battle, Ravana suddenly started praising Rama. This created a tricky situation for the Lord as he could not kill someone who is praising him.
Everyone lose heart knowing this. All Gods and Goddesses assembled together and it was decided in the meeting that Goddess Saraswati should reside on the tongue of Ravana, making him say foul words to Rama.
As soon as this happened, Ravana started saying fould words to Rama and then Rama could kill Ravana.