A Muslim marriage or nikah is not a sacrament, but a simple, legal agreement in which either partner is free to include conditions. These conditions are stipulated in a written contract. Violating any of the conditions stipulated in this contract forms legal grounds for a partner seeking divorce.
1 Giving free consent to the marriage personally or through a close relative like father (called Wali). A man and woman say in clear voice three times that they accept (name of the person and his/her father name is called) as their husband/wife.
2 The amount of Haq-e-Mahr (marriage money) is agreed upon, announced, and paid to the bride at the spot or paid in the future.
3 Two adult, free men witness the ceremony in Sunni.
4 The nikah is publicised/advertised widely.
Once these conditions are fulfilled, bride and bride groom are declared husband and wife.
A Muslim bride signing a nikah nama
Walima is performed after the nikah or marriage ceremony. It’s a marriage banquet given by groom’s family to celebrate the welcoming of bride in the family. It is recommended to be held as early as possible after nikah.