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Lord Krishna

Lord Krishna and Rukmini devi marriage

Lord Krishna’s eight wives are known as Ashtabharya. Out of these, Devi Rukmini was believed to be most devoted towards the Lord. Following is the fascinating story of how Rukmini got married to Lord Krishna

Rukmi and Shishupala

Devi Rukmini was daughter of Bhismak, who was king of Vidarbha. Rukmi was brother of her, who wanted her to marry Shishupal. Upon hearing this Narada went to Bhismak and narrated the life of Lord Krishna and the grandeur of Dwarka. Bhismak heard the tale with full attention and wanted her to marry Lord Krishna. His daughter too enjoyed the tale. But Rukmi had a strong opposition against Lord Krishna. Ignoring the wish of his father, he was not ready to get his sister married to Lord Krishna. So he invited Shishupal, who came to marry Rukmini.

Lord Krishna and Rukmini Devi

Rukmini sends request to Lord Krishna

 

Rukmini was determined to marry Lord Krishna. She sent a letter to Krishna through a loyal Brahmin and declared a fast unto death. The letter said that She has declared him as her husband and will not accept anyone else. This is upto the Lord to save her. The messenger returned to Kundanpur with an assurance from Lord Krishna. Lord Krishna too called the charioteer and set out at once for Kundanpur. There in Kundanpur, Rukmini after getting the assurance from the Brahmin was thus waiting for Lord Krishna‘s arrival.

 

Preparation of wedding

Preparations for Rukmini’s marriage with Shishupala were on with full swing in the city. All houses, streets and lanes were cleaned and sprinkled with scented water. All the men and women folk donned new clothes and ornaments. King Bhismak worshipped his ancestors and gods and welcomed the everyone. Princess Rukmini was given ceremonial bath and donned with auspicious clothes and bracelets.

Rukmini waits for Lord Krishna

All these while, she was eagerly awaiting for Lord Krishna. She had received the news that Dwarakadhish (Krishna) had planned to take her away. She was feeling overwhelmed in her heart. Seeing Lord Krishna arrived intently in the marriage ceremonies of his daughter, her father welcomed him. Seeing him, even the common people of Vidarbh prayed “May our princess Rukmani get Sri Krishna as her husband. At the same time, She emerged from her palace to go to the temple of Ambikadevi, soldiers were guarding her. In the temple, Rukmani prayed peacefully: “O Mother Ambika I greet you and Ganapati, who is sitting in your lap. I seek your blessing that may my wish be fulfilled and may I receive Sri Krishna as my husband.”

Lord Krishna obliges

On her way back, Rukmini was walking very slowly for she was awaiting Lord’s arrival, which was due in any moment. Just then, Lord Krishna appeared before her. Before she could ride her chariot Lord lifted her from amidst the crowd. And in the presence of hundreds of kings, Krishna and Balarama eloped away with bride.

Rukmi is defeated and Lord Krishna marries Rukmini

Hearing that Krishna has eloped with bride, Rukmi and all other kings present there became angry. Accompanied by their huge armies, they decided to give them a chase. But Yadav soldiers were brave and they defeated everyone. All the kings like Jarasandh fled for their lives.

Lord Krishna and Rukmi

Rukmi had vowed that without getting his sister released from Krishna’s captivity, he would not return to his city. He chased Lord Krishna but was defeated by him and got his head shaved. Thus defeating all the kings, Lord Krishna brought his bride to Dwarka. There they got married formally. Everyone was in great joy to see Lakshmi as Rukmini with her husband Lord Krishna.

 

Also read: Shri Krishna marriage to Satyabhama and Jambavati

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Lord Krishna

Ashtabharya – Shri Krishna and his eight queens

There are lot of talk about Lord Krishna and his sixteen thousand one hundred and eight wives. Little we know that out of these, only eight were wedded to him separately and rest sixteen thousand and one hundred he wedded, when these poor souls became widow of a demon. Lets talk about these eight queens.

 

Rukmini, most important amongst Ashtabharya was Krishna’s first wife and chief queen (Patrani) of Dwarka. She is considered as an avatar of Shridevi, the goddess of Material Prakriti. Satyabhama, the second wife, is considered the form of the Goddess of Elemental Prakriti Lakshmi. Though Rukmini and Satyabhama enjoy worship as the consorts of the married king Krishna, the others do not enjoy this honour. A young cowherd Krishna is worshipped with his lover Radha. Kalindi, the goddess of river Yamuna, is worshipped independently.

The story of his marriage to eight queens is below.

Rukmini

Lord Krishna married Rukmini, in response to her letter in which she requested him to kidnap her and save from Shishiupala. Her brother Rukma wanted her to marry Shishupala.

Lord Krishna left the battlefield in his duel with Jarasandha in order to marry her.He is also called Ranachora because of this incident. In the Kshatriya tradition of marriage called rakshasa, Krishna carried Rukmini away from the ceremony and fought off all the warriors who tried to obstruct Him.

Jambavati  and Satyabhama

He married Jambavati and Satyabhama during the incidents happened in relation to Syamantaka Mani (Syamantaka was a valuable gem which produced Gold).

Krishna was falsely accused by King Satrajit of killing his brother Prasenjit for acquiring the valuable Syamantaka gem. Satrajit had received from this gem the Sun God.

To clear His name, Krishna searched for Syamantaka gem and found it in the possession of  Jambavant. Krishna indulged in a fight with him for 28 days, before Jambavant realised whom he was fighting.

Jambavant handed over the gem as well as his daughter Jambavati to Krishna. On receiving the Jewel, Satrajit was remorseful at having accused Krishna.

In atonement, he gave  Syamantaka gem along with his beautiful daughter Satyabhama to Krishna. Krishna however returned the Syamantaka gem to Satrajit.

Unknown facts about Lord Krishna

Kalindi

Kalindi is personified Yamuna. One day Krishna and Arjuna went out on hunting. At the end of the day, they decided to bathe in the waters of the Yamuna.

Just then, Krishna spotted a beautiful maiden passing by the river. Krishna immediately sent Arjuna after her. When asked to reaveal her identity, she replied, “I’m Kalindi, the daughter of the sun god. I worship Krishna and hope to marry him one day.”

Arjuna then inquired why she was staying alone. Kalindi promptly answered. “So that nobody disturbs me during my prayers.” She continued, “I hope that one day my wish will come true and the Krishna will take me under his protection.”
Seeing the staunch devotion of Kalindi, Arjuna was pleased and went back to Krishna to tell him about her love for him and her wish. Touched by Kalindi’s pure love, Krishna decided to marry her and make her his queen.

Mitravinda

The Bhagavata Purana records about Mitravinda’s marriage to Lord Krishna. She chooses Krishna as her husband in a Swayamvara ceremony and requests him to take her away.

However, her brothers do not like it and forbid the marriage. They join forces with the Kauravas and fight Krishna. Krishna defeats the princes and takes Mitravinda away.

Satya

Krishna married Satya by taming 7 powerful bulls. The King announced that any prince who could yoke the seven wild bulls he kept in his stables would win the hand of Satya in marriage. None of the suitors could do so but Lord Krishna tamed those ferocious bulls very easily. Arjuna also accompanied Lord Krishna in the swayamvara and he helped in defeating all the warriors who did not want the marriage to happen.

Nidhi van – Lord Krishna interesting story

Bhadra 

Lord Krishna‘s aunt (father’s sister) Shrutkirti was married in the kingdom of Kaikauja. Bhadra was the daughter of Shrutkirti. Bhadra had a strong desire to marry Krishna and she married Lord Krishna unconditionally.  Bhadra’s brothers like Santardan etc. themselves had got their sister married to Lord Krishna.

Lakshana (or Lakshmana) 

Lakshana was the daughter of the king of Madra. She was very beautiful and meritorious. Krishna competed in an archery competition. He competed with Arjuna and Duryodhana, each of them threw the match because they knew Krishna’s passion for her. He kidnapped her from Swayamvara and later married her.

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Lord Krishna

Hindi Story -श्री कृष्ण – जांबवती – Krishna – Jambavati

श्री कृष्ण – जांबवती

बहुत पहले द्वारका पुरी में भोजवंशी राजा सत्राजित रहता था। सूर्य की भक्ति-आराधना के बल पर उसने स्वमंतक नाम की अत्यंत चमकदार मणि प्राप्त की। मणि की क्रांति से राजा स्वयं सूर्य जैसा प्रभा-मंडित हो जाता था। इस भ्रम में जब यादवों ने श्रीकृष्ण से भगवान सूर्य के आगमन की बात कही, तब अंतर्यामी कृष्ण ने यादवों की शंका का निवारण करते हुए कहा कि आने वाले महानुभाव स्वमंतक मणिधारी राजा सत्राजित हैं, सूर्य नहीं। स्वमंतक मणि का गुण था कि उसको धारण करने वाला प्रतिदिन आठ किलो स्वर्ण प्राप्त करेगा। उस प्रदेश में किसी भी प्रकार की मानवीय या दैवीय विपत्ति का कोई चिह्न तक नहीं था। स्वमंतक मणि प्राप्त करने की इच्छा स्वयं कृष्ण ने भी की लेकिन सत्राजित ने अस्वीकार कर दिया।

Unknown facts about Lord Krishna

एक बार सत्राजित का भाई प्रसेनजित उस मणि को धारण करके घोड़े पर चढ़कर शिकार को गया तो एक सिंह ने उसे मार डाला। संयोग से जामवंत नामक रीछ ने सिंह को ही मार डाला और वह मणि को लेकर अपनी गुफा में आ गया। जामवंत की बेटी मणि को खिलौना समझकर खेलने लगी। प्रसेनजित के न लौटने पर द्वारका में यह अफवाह फैल गई कि कृष्ण को सत्राजित द्वारा मणि देने से इनकार करने पर दुर्भावनावश कृष्ण ने प्रसेनजित की हत्या करा दी और मणि पर अपना अधिकार कर लिया। कृष्ण इस अफवाह से दु:खी होकर प्रसेनजित को खोजने के लिए निकल पड़े। वन में कृष्ण और उनके साथियों ने प्रसेनजित के साथ एक सिंह को भी मरा पाया। उन्हें वहां रीछ के पैरों के निशानों के संकेत भी मिले, जो भीतर गुफा में प्रवेश के सूचक थे। इससे कृष्ण ने सिंह को मारने तथा मणि के रीछ के पास होने का अनुमान लगाया।

अपने साथियों को बाहर रहकर प्रतीक्षा करने के लिए कहकर स्वयं कृष्ण गुफा के भीतर प्रवेश कर गए। काफी समय बाद भी कृष्ण के वापस न आने पर निराश होकर लौटे साथी ने कृष्ण के भी मारे जाने का मिथ्या प्रचार कर दिया। कृष्ण के न लौटने पर उनके पिता वसुदेव पुत्र-शोक में व्यथित हो उठे। उसी समय महर्षि नारद आ गए। समाचार जानकर नारदजी ने वसुदेव से श्रीमद् देवी भागवत पुराण के श्रवण का उपदेश दिया। वसुदेव मां भगवती की कृपा से पूर्व परिचित थे। उन्होंने नारदजी से कहा-देवर्षि, देवकी के साथ कारागारवास करते हुए जब छ: पुत्र कंस के हाथों मारे जा चुके थे तो हम दोनों पति-पत्नी काफी व्यथित और अंसतुलित हो गए थे। तब अपने कुल पुरोहित महर्षि गर्ग से परामर्श किया और कष्ट से छुटकारा पाने का उपाय पूछा। गुरुदेव ने जगदम्बा मां की गाथा का पारायण करने को कहा। कारागार में होने के कारण मेरे लिए यह संभव नहीं था। अत: गुरुदेव से ही यह कार्य संपन्न कराने की प्रार्थना की।

वसुदेव ने कहा-मेरी प्रार्थना स्वीकार करके गुरुदेव ने विंध्याचल पर्वत पर जाकर ब्राह्मणों के साथ देवी की आराधना-अर्चना की। विधि-विधानपूर्वक देवी भागवत का नवाह्र यज्ञ किया। अनुष्ठान पूर्ण होने पर गुरुदेव ने मुझे इसकी सूचना देते हुए कहा-देवी ने प्रसन्न होकर यह आकाशवाणी की है-मेरी प्रेरणा से स्वयं विष्णु पृथ्वी के कष्ट निवारण हेतु वसुदेव देवकी के घर अवतार लेंगे। वसुदेव को चाहिए कि उस बालक को गोकुल ग्राम के नंद-यशोदा के घर पहुंचा दें और उसी समय उत्पन्न यशोदा की बालिका को लाकर आठवीं संतान के रूप में कंस को सौंप दें। कंस यथावत् बालिका को धरती पर पटक देगा। वह बालिका कंस के हाथ से तत्काल छूटकर दिव्य शरीर धारण कर, मेरे ही अंश रूप से लोक कल्याण के लिए विध्यांचल पर्वत पर वास करेगी। गर्ग मुनि के द्वारा इस अनुष्ठान फल को सुन कर मैंने प्रसन्नता व्यक्त करते हुए आगे घटी घटनाएं मुनि के कथनानुसार पूरी कीं और कृष्ण की रक्षा की। यह विवरण सुनाकर वसुदेव नारदजी से कहने लगे-मुनिवर ! सौभाग्य से आपका आगमन मेरे लिए शुभ है। अत: आप ही मुझे देवी भागवत पुराण की कथा सुनाकर उपकृत करें।

वसुदेव के कहने पर नारद ने अनुग्रह करते हुए नवाह्र परायण किया। वसुदेव ने नवें दिन कथा समाप्ति पर नारदजी की पूजा-अर्चना की भगवती मां की माया से श्रीकृष्ण जब गुफा में प्रविष्ट हुए तो उन्होंने एक बालिका को मणि से खेलते देखा। जैसे ही कृष्ण ने बालिका से मणि ली, तो बालिका रो उठी। बालिका के रोने की आवाज को सुनकर जामवंत वहां आ पहुंचा तथा कृष्ण से युद्ध करने लगा। दोनों में सत्ताईस दिन तक युद्ध चलता रहा। देवी की कृपा से जामवंत लगातार कमोजर पड़ता गया तथा श्रीकृष्ण शक्ति-संपन्न होते गए। अंत में उन्होंने जामवंत को पराजित कर दिया। भगवती की कृपा से जामवंत को पूर्व स्मृति हो आई। त्रेता में रावण का वध करने वाले राम को ही द्वापर में कृष्ण के रूप में अवतरित जानकर उनकी वंदना की। अज्ञान में किए अपराध के लिए क्षमा मांगी। मणि के साथ अपनी पुत्री जांबवती को भी प्रसन्नतापूर्वक कृष्ण को समर्पित कर दिया।

मथुरा में कथा के समाप्त होने के बाद वसुदेव ब्राह्मण भोज के बाद आशीर्वाद ले रहे थे, उसी समय कृष्ण मणि और जांबवती के साथ वहां पहुच गए। कृष्ण को वहां देखकर सभी की प्रसन्नता की कोई सीमा न रही। भगवती का आभार प्रकट करते हुए वसुदेव-देवकी ने श्रीकृष्ण का अश्रुपूरित नेत्रों से स्वागत किया। वसुदेव का सफल काम बनाकर नारद देवलोक वापस लौट गए।

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Lord Krishna

Story of Gandiva bow

There is an interesting story of how Gandiva was acquired by Arjuna. Arjuna helped Lord Agni to cure the indigestion caused by a yagna conducted by King Swetaki.

Lord Agni asked Varuna, who was in possession of Gandiva in exchange of annihilation of Khandava forest. He also gave Lord Krishna the mace Kaumodaki and the discus named Chakrayudha. Varuna also offered Arjuna the bow Gandiva, two inexhaustible quivers, a chariot made by Viswakarma that had Hanuman in its banner, and white steeds that were born in the region of Gandharvas. It was the same chariot in which Soma (Chandra) had earlier vanquished the Danavas.

 

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Lord Krishna

Shri Krishna brought back his six brothers for Devki

Many of us do not know that Lord Krishna brought back the six sons of Devki (seventh and eighth being Balrama and himself) for a brief reunion. Names of these six sons are Smara, Udgitha, Parishvanga, Patanga, Kshudrabhrit and Ghrini.

These six sons were earlier grand sons of Hiranyakashyap and they were living under a curse.

 

Read other facts about Lord Krishna here:

Lord Krishna facts

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Lord Krishna

Killing of Shakatasur by Lord Krishna

After the birth of Lord Krishna, Kansa arranged for numerous attempts on his life, but every time, the Lord killed the person who was appointed for his killing. Following is an incident involving the demon Shakatasur.

KILLING OF SHAKATASUR

Festival in Gokul

When Lord Krishna was twenty-seven days old, a festival was organised in Gokul. Mata Yashoda bathed the Lord and the worshippers recited hymns. Yashoda observed that baby was feeling sleepy, so putting him in a cradle, she left him under a cart. The cart was loaded with pitchers of milk, curd and butter. After sometime, lord Krishna awoke and began to cry with hunger, but Yashoda could not hear his cries.

Shakatasur on a chariot

Meanwhile, Shakatasur rode the cart and wanted to kill Lord by crushing him under the cart. But before he could act, the Lord touched the cart with his feet and cart turned over and all the utensils kept on it came crashing down. The demon,who wanted to kill Lord,  was himself crushed to death under the cart.

Shakatasur Nirvana

Other boys, who were playing nearby, informed the Gopis that the little Kanhaiya had turned over the loaded cart, but they did not believe the kids. Yashoda ran in horror and lifted the baby in her lap. The Brahmins recited pacifying hymns then. Thereafter the baby was bathed again with holy water. A feast of Brahmins followed then.

Liberation of Shakatasura

This is how, Shakatasur was killed by Lord Krishna.In previous life, he was a son of Hiranyaksa named Utkaca. He went to the hermitage of Lomasa Muni and broke some trees there and was cursed to become bodiless. (He had a huge body). He then fell at the Muni’s feet and begged for mercy. The Muni told him that in the next manvantara he would be touched by the foot of the Lord and would be liberated.

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Lord Krishna

Pootana salvation by Lord Krishna

SALVATION OF POOTANA

Shortly after the birth of Lord Krishna, Kansa started to think of ways to kill the child. After his discussion with evil ministers,, he sent a cruel ogress Pootana to kill all the newly born babies in his kingdom. In the guise of a pretty woman, she entered Gokul.

Pootana finds Lord Krishna

She searched for new-born babies and entered Nand’s home eventually. Baby Lord Krishna was sleeping in the cradle. He was aware of her arrival; but posed as if he were fast asleep. He was only six days old then.

Pootana’s breasts were filled with poison. Such as someone lifts a sleeping snake mistaking it for a rope. Similarly she lifted the baby who proved her death. Pootana took Lord Krishna to a secluded place and began to breastfeed him.

Lord Shiva was also there

Lord prayed to Lord Shiva who came to stay in His throat and drank all the poison from the milk. Thereafter the Lord began to suck her life. She could not withstand the pain began to cry loudly and writhe nervously.

Krishna killing Pootana

End of Pootana

As her death approached, she regained her real, ogress appearance. All the men and women were frightened when they saw the huge, formidable body of ogress. But when they saw Krishna playing nearby, their fear gone and with joy they lifted the baby and soothed him.

Meanwhile, Nand and his fellow Gopas too arrived from Mathura. Pootana’s body testified the truth of Vasudev’s words. Gopas cut her body into many pieces and burnt them outside Gokul. When her body was burning, a sweet smell of Agar (a kind of scented wood used in incense making) spread all around. Because Lord himself had fed on her milk, So all her sins were destroyed.

Thus, we see that even the sins of a ogress were destroyed merely by feeding the lord. In a way, she got the distinction of becoming Lord’s mother.

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Draupadi Lord Krishna

Rakshabandhan – Krishna and Draupadi story

Rakshabandhan or Rakhi, is a popular festival in India which is celebrated on the day of Shravan Poornima. This day, sister tie sacred threads on the wrists of their brothers wishing good health and long life to them. Following are few stories which signifies the power of the holy thread or Rakhi.

Rakhi – Krishna and Draupadi

Draupadi and Lord Krishna shared a strong bondage and though they were not real brother and sister, but their love was never lesser than that. One of the popular stories in our mythology is that of Lord Krishna and Draupadi, the wife Pandavas.

Following incident is mentioned in the Mahabharata.

According to one version on a Sankranti day, Krishna to cut his little finger while handling sugarcane. Sathyabama, his queen immediately sent her help to get a bandage cloth while his other consort, Rukmini rushed to bring some cloth herself.

Draupadi who was nearby, tore off a part of her sari and bandaged his finger. In return for this deed, Krishna promised to protect her in time of distress.

Draupadi tying rakhi to Lord Krishna

Another story

There is an another narrative related to this incident which says that while killing Shisupala, Krishna, held the lightning fast Sudarshana on his finger and sent it the king’s way. Within a second, Shishupala was beheaded.

Lord Krishna’s finger started bleeding and Draupadi, an ardent devotee of the Lord and the Pandavas’ wife, rushed to bandage the bleeding finger of her beloved Lord. She tore a small piece from her sari and tied it to the Lord’s hand.

Krishna was touched by this selfless token of affection and pledged to rush to Draupadi’s protection whenever needed. Draupadi used to tie a rakhi to the Lord’s hand every year and Krishna always showered His protection on her.

The word he is said to have uttered is ‘Akshyam’ which was a boon meaning ‘unending’.

And that was how Draupadi’s sari became endless and saved her embarrassment on the day of Cheerharan in Dhritarashtra’s court.

related stories

Shri Krishna did not save Draupadi from cheer haran

Draupadi could have fourteen husbands instead of five

Lord Krishna facts

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Indian Mythology Lord Krishna

Birth of Lord Krishna

The story of birth of Lord Krishna

 

We know that Kamsa has imprisoned his sister and brother in law because of the Akshwani that eighth son of Devaki will kill him. He has killed seven of her sons and was waiting for the birth of eighth child. The day came was Amavasya of hindi month Bhadrapada. Following are the details of birth of Lord Krishna and events following him.

Auspicious hour

When the auspicious hour came, The star Rohini was shining. It was Vijaya Muhurta. All elements were extremely pleasant at the birth of Lord Krishna. Winds were blowing. The stars were shining with lustre. The lakes were filled with lotuses. Lord Krishna incarnated at midnight on this earth. The gods played divine music. The Kinnaras and Gandharvas sang. Siddhas and Charanas praised. The Vidyadharas (various grades of celestial beings) danced along with Apsaras, sages and Devas. There was a rain of flowers from the heavens in joy.

The Incarnation

Lord Vishnu incarnated with lotus eyes, with four hands, armed with conch, disc, mace and lotus, with the diamond Kausthuba, with the mark Srivatsa adorning the chest, wearing silk Pitambara, with ear ornaments made of diamonds, with the crown made of several emeralds, with bracelets in the lower and upper arms and valuable waist-string. Vasudeva saw this marvel of a divine child.

Krishna’s birth in prison

Vasudeva praises Lord Krishna

Vasudeva praised Him, “Thou art known to me already as the Supreme Being. Thou art an embodiment of knowledge and bliss. Thou art seated in the hearts of all beings, witness of the minds of all and beyond Maya and Avidya.” Devaki beheld marks of Vishnu on her son and praised Him, “Thou art beginning less, Omnipresent, self-luminous, attributeless, changeless and action less. Thou art the source and place of dissolution for everything. Kindly do not show me this form with four hands. She pleads to see him you as an ordinary child. Withdraw this divine transcendental form. We are afraid of Kamsa.”

Lord Krishna suggested to take him to Gokula

The Lord said, “Let both of you often meditate with love on Me as a son and as the Supreme being as you will obtain eternal bliss and immortality.” The Lord assumed the form of a handsome baby through the power of his own Maya.  The Lord said, “If you are afraid of Kamsa, then take me to Gokula and bring my Maya that is born there of Yasoda immediately.”

Vasudeva took the baby and came out. The sentries became stupefied under the influence of Lord’s Maya and the people were all asleep. The doors which were locked, opened of their own accord. There was gentle rain. Adisesha spread forth his hoods like an umbrella to ward off rain. The deep Yamuna which was in floods with strong currents, made way for Vasudeva.

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Vasudeva comes back with the female child

Vasudeva placed the child near the bed of Yasoda and took the female baby from there, he returned back to his prison-house and placed this Maya child near Devaki and put on his fetters as before on his legs.

Kamsa comes to kill the child

The sentries ran and told Kamsa of the birth of the child for Devaki. Kamsa soon got up from his bed, repaired to the place where Devaki was confined, and entered the room in which she was lying. The helpless Devaki told Kamsa, “O Kamsa! This child is your niece. It is not proper for you to kill a female child.” Kamsa threatened his sister and seized the child by her hands and dashed it on a stone.

The child warns Kamsa

The child slipped from his hands and rose high up into the sky. It was seen as the sister of Vishnu with eight hands. She was wearing the divine garland and robes and ornaments and adorned with the bow, trident, knife, conch, disc and mace. She was praised by the Siddhas, Gandharvas and Kinnaras. She said, “O fool! What benefit are you going to derive by killing me? He who is going to take your life is born elsewhere. He is your old enemy. Do not hurt in vain these helpless persons , Devaki, Vasudeva and other children.

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Festival Indian Mythology Lord Krishna

Govardhan Puja

Read about 21 unknown facts of Lord Krishna

Legend behind Govardhan Puja

‘Govardhan’ is a small hillock situated at ‘Braj’, near Mathura. As per  Vishnu Purana,  people of Gokul used to worship and offer prayer to Lord Indra for the rains because they believed that it was he who sent rains for their welfare.  Shri Krishna told them that it was Mount Govardhan (Govardhan Parvat) and not Lord Indra who caused rains. So they should offer the prayers to the mountain.

This made Lord Indra so furious that the people of Gokul had to face very heavy rains as a result of his anger. Then Lord Krishna came forward to ensure their security and after performing worship and offering prayers to Mount Govardhan lifted it as an umbrella on the little finger of his left hand so that everyone could take shelter under it.  This is how Lord Indra was defeated and  after this event Lord Krishna was also known as Giridhari or Govardhandhari.

Shri Krishna lifting govardhan

Govardhan Puja and Bali Pratipada

Most of the time Govardhan Puja day falls next day after Diwali and it is celebrated as the day when Lord Krishna defeated God Indra. Sometimes there may be a day’s gap between Diwali and Govardhan Puja.

In religious texts, Govardhan Puja celebrations are suggested during Pratipada Tithi of Kartik month. Depending on starting time of Pratipada, Govardhan Puja day might fall one day before on Amavasya day on Hindu calendar.

Govardhan Puja is also known as Annakut Puja. On this day food made of cereals like wheat, rice, curry made of gram flour and leafy vegetables is cooked and offered to Lord Krishna.

In Maharashtra the same day is celebrated as Bali Pratipada or Bali Padva. The day commemorates victory of Vamana, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, over King Bali and subsequent pushing of Bali to Patal Lok (the underworld). It is believed that due to boon given by Lord Vamana, Asura King Bali visits the Prithvi Lok from the Patala Lok on this day.

Note: Thanks to Mr R Ramanathan for correctly pointing out an error in this article. That has been now rectified – Webmaster