As the name suggest cotton or silk fabric is tied into sections and then dyed, these ties prevent the entire material from being dyed. For more intricate designs different sections are tied at every stage of dyeing and variety of colours are used thereafter, fabric opens into amazing designs dots, circles, square, waves and stripes.
Pic. Tapestry made with using Tie and Dye technique
Main colours used are yellow green red and black. Its process and patters has given it different names like bandhej and laheria. This art is very popular in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh, where its a household craft which is supervised by head of the family. The fabric is skilfully knotted by the women, while the portfolio of dyeing rests with the men.
This technique is becoming very popular as not only fancy items, but day to day wearable clothes are also being made using this technique. See a T-Shirt below. Also, cushion covers and various apparels are made from Tie and Dye.
Pic. Another dress made from Tie and Dye technique.
Pic. – A pillow cover.
Somnath Mandir (temple)
Somnath is the foremost of 12 jyotirlinga located in Prabhas patan in Saurashtra in Gujrat. In this temple there is a small cave in which a lamp burns continuously.
Pic. Somnath in Gujrat
Moon God Chandra being vary of his beauty was cursed by his father in law Daksha to wane. When he begged forgiveness Daksha said only Lord Shiva could free him from curse. Moon God came to Somnath and prayed to Lord Shiva for 4,000 years. Lord Shiva said he could not fully absolve him of the curse instead, he would wane in 15 days, but would grow again.
History and details of current temple
It is said that Somnath temple was first built with gold by Moon God, with silver by Ravana, with sandalwood by Lord krishna and with stone by Bhimdev.
This temple is the symbol of resilience as this has been destroyed by several muslim invaders. Ghazni, Alauddin Khilji and Aurengzeb among few of them. Current (seventh) temple is an effort of Sardar vallabhbhai Patel and KM Munshi, ministers of independent india.
The seventh existing temple is built in the Kailas Mahameru Prasad style. The temple is consisting of Garbhgruh, Sabhamandap and Nrityamandap with a 150 feet high Shikhar. The Kalash at the top of the Shikhar weighs 10 tons and the Dhwajdand is 27 feet tall and 1 foot in circumference. The Abadhit Samudra Marg, Tirsthambh (Arrow) indicates the unobstructed sea route to the South Pole. The nearest land towards South Pole is about 9936 km. away. This is a wonderful indicator of the ancient Indian wisdom of geography and strategic location of the Jyotirling. The temple renovated by Maharani Ahalyabai is adjacent to the main temple complex.
Somnath Mandir – Jyotirlinga
Parshurama and Pandavas
Here is the Parshuram Tapobhumi, where Bhagvan Parshuramji carried out penance and he was relieved from the sin of Kshatriya killings. The Pandavas have said to have visited this place and taken holy bath in the Jalprabhas and built five Shiv temples.